Immorality Of Human Cloning Essay

1541 words - 6 pages

While human cloning has been a matter of science fiction for centuries, the prospect that it could actually happen is a recent development. On February 23, 1997, the birth of the first cloned sheep, Dolly, was announced. Since then, it seems that science has progressed faster than moral understanding. Each breakthrough in genetics presents us with both a promise and a dilemma. The promise is that we may soon be able to treat and prevent diseases such as cancer and Parkinson’s. The dilemma is that we will have the power to manipulate our very nature-- to choose the sex and other genetic qualities of our next generation in attempts to make ourselves perfect. Despite the possible benefits, cloning will require unacceptable risks and does not consider the basic concepts of human dignity, liberty and identity. Considering our role in the world, it is society’s place to dictate moral boundaries to ban all human cloning, including that done in the name of medical progress.

Human cloning is a serious issue and a frightening prospect of what the future may hold. It has been proven neither effective, nor safe. Before this minimum requirement is met, cloning should be avoided and not attempted on humans. Despite this, advocates argue that cloning can improve human genetics, and can prevent genetically transmitted diseases. The truth is that cloning will not improve genetic make up of the human race. According to Darwin’s famous theory, nature adapts its species and no one should interfere in the process. A radical change in nature, such as creating a society of clones, will diminish the human diversity resulting from the various mixings of genes. Another problem says Lane Lester who earned his Ph.D in genetics is that “everyone possesses harmful genes that result from mutation. Cloning will keep these genes in circulation” (Leone 35). The logical sequence is that without genetic diversity, no species can evolve. Another beneficial idea was introduced not long ago, cloning can prevent genetically transmitted disease. Supporters say that by manipulating human embryonic stem cells there's hope for a cure for more than 1 million patients with diabetes. Margot Roosevelt, a stem cell researcher, says: “One day, scientists hope, the entire genetic makeup of a patient would be transferred into a cloned human egg that can produce the insulin-producing cells their body lacks” (Masci 2). Similar procedures might be used to treat cancer, heart disease, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's. However, this speculation is not as safe and easy as it may seem. The reason, explains L.Lester, is that “clonal people would still be susceptible to mutations or mistakes in the replication of cells. They would also be affected by environmental influences that may bring out previously unknown genetic disease” (Leone 35). The repercussions, then, far outweigh the possible benefits of treating diseases. In addition, due to constant exposure to different chemicals, environmental factors...

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