Impact Of The Eiffel Tower On Society

1278 words - 5 pages

Built in 1889 to commemorate the hundred year anniversary of the French Revolution, the Eiffel Tower has been a topic of discussion for numerous years. Designed by Gustave Eiffel and Morris Koechlin, the Tower was built originally as a temporary structure. The pieces of this eye-catching building were to be disassembled and melted down after twenty years. This did not happen, however. The Eiffel Tower has become a colossal icon throughout the world; the Tower has brought in enormous revenue and has a scientific impact on French and all of Europe’s society.
The Eiffel Tower has become associated with Paris; a symbol. It is an icon for France, travel and romance, among others. What made this Tower vastly popular is the cause of copious reasons. The most prominent reason is that it was a major point of controversy between Gustave Eiffel and the artists of Paris. Parisians opposed the construction of this atrocity. In a manifesto signed in 1887, two years before the Tower was built, artists of Paris claimed that the beauty of Paris will be debased by the repulsiveness of the edifice. They stated that artists from around the world would have the right to openly mock Paris. They opposed it remarkably so, that, quoting from the signed proposal, they insisted for twenty years “we will see stretching out over the entire city, still quivering with genius from so many centuries, we will see stretching out like a growing ink spot, the hateful shadow of the hateful column of bolted iron”. Gustave Eiffel responds eloquently with the promise that the building is stable and that there is a certain attraction to structures as immense as the Eiffel Tower. He compares his design to the pyramids in Egypt. His comparison is that if the pyramids are massive but loved by all, then why is the Eiffel Tower hated, in part, from its size? Eiffel is insisting that if thousands of tourists can appreciate the beauty and grandeur of the Egyptian monuments then there is nothing discontinuing them from appreciating the same of the impending Parisian monument. What else makes this Tower iconic is who it was designed by. Morris Koechlin, co-designer of the Eiffel Tower, also designed the Statues of Liberty in 1887. The Tower being built by an already famous architect gives it more initial appeal to the general public. He knew what to use for the specific requirements of the particular structure. For the Statue of Liberty, he used copper. But climate, location and use required a different material for the Eiffel Tower in Paris. As a result, Koechlin and Eiffel used iron for the Eiffel Tower. Using the correct material allowed the edifice to stand tall for several years. A symbol is everlasting. For the Tower to be infinite, it must be made from a strong material that can endure any condition. In the storm in 1999, the building swayed thirteen centimeters but remained secure. In heat, the Iron Lady can move up to eighteen centimeters. This proves in its ability to...

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