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Impact Of Diabetes On The Body

2137 words - 9 pages

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “25.8 million people, or 8.3% of the U.S. population, have diabetes”. Many Americans in the US have what is called uncontrolled diabetes, meaning where you don’t take of yourself with diabetes. This can cause you many different complications, including such as the Eyes, Stroke, Kidneys, Feet, HHSN, and Ketoacidosis. These are very serious and sometimes deadly. With daily exercise, healthy eating, and of course maintaining your diabetes you will live a healthy future.
To start with, what is and how do you get diabetes? Diabetes is where your pancreas is unable to make insulin, when that happens your blood glucose fluctuates. There are two types of diabetes, type 1, and type 2. The American Diabetes Association states that, “In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives”. Then the other type of diabetes, is type 2. Type 2 Diabetes is where your body and pancreas doesn’t properly make or use the insulin. In the beginning your pancreas makes a big amount of insulin, then cant keep up the to the amount of insulin being made, and eventually cant make enough to where your glucose levels are at a proper amount. Type 1 diabetes in inherited from your own ancestry and is unpreventable. Type 2 diabetes is caused by eating unhealthy, and becoming obese. Type 2 diabetes is very preventable by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
If you have uncontrolled diabetes and your unwilling to take care of it, you will have to pay the consequences in the end. One of which may have to do with your eyes. Your retina nerves attach, which are connected to the back side of your eyes. When you continually have a higher blood sugar, your glucose may begin to make those nerves an veins swell, and increase in size. Those may eventually leak fat, fluid and blood, which causes your vision to go blurry or even lose your vision all together. Taking care of your blood sugars and making sure they are under control helps prevent your eyes from eventually loosing all sight. If your glucose is high and this is beginning to happen, the only quick way to halt and to slow down the process are for your eyes to be injected with steroids from your doctors, to help stop the swelling. According to Dr. Mohan Rajan, Dr. Kavitha, and Dr. Siddharth Ravishankar in the newspaper article from The Hindu these are the signs of diabetes affecting your eyes, “ In early stages there will not be any blurring of vision. If the patient develops fluid accumulation in the macula they will find a drop in vision. Sudden deterioration in vision in advanced stage can occur due to bleeding inside the eye and retina detachment. Temporary change in refractive error sometimes occurs...

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