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Impact Of Great Depression On International Relations In The 1930s

1170 words - 5 pages

Impact of Great Depression on International Relations in the 1930s

In the early 1920s the Great Depression hit. The chaos caused by the
First World War was the main reason for the Great Depression. The USA
had lent large amounts of money to other countries to help with their
damages from the war. The loans that the USA made helped the countries
to recover trade. Many countries tried to protect their industries by
putting taxes on imports. In 1930 USA the biggest trading nation in
the world also raised their taxes. This made the world trade suffer
badly as it made it difficult to sell goods to America.

World trade was already very difficult so when the Wall Street Crash
hit there was a worldwide economic slump. The American stock market
was centered on Wall Street in New York. American banks wanted all the
money lent out repaid back to them. Banks and factories closed and
soon all the countries had loss of imports and exports.

The Depression.

Germany was affected the most by the Great Depression. Agricultural
prices fell. This brought poverty to the countryside. The Wall Street
Crash meant the withdrawal of the USA loans. This hit Germany worse
than other countries. Unemployment rose to 5.5 million in 1931. Also
in 1931 the five major banks crashed in Germany. Because of this many
businesses failed and most middle class people lost their savings. The
Depression brought Hitler and the Nazis to power. One of the many
reasons for Hitler becoming leader was because he promised to tear up
the Treaty of Versailles. The first chance of survival, which happened
to be Hitler who gave them promises, which they hoped were true, was
there way out. Or so they thought. The people become so hungry and
frantic they stole potatoes from fields and most of the people saved
their shoes for interviews. Interviews were very rare so people tried
to make the best impression possible. Hitler had decided to take back
the land, which he lost in the First World War. The other countries
were also suffering the Depression. They were trying to build up their
countries so they tried to ignore Germanys invasions. This was a great
opportunity for Hitler. However this lead to aggression, which lead to
the build up, of World War Two.

The leader of Italy Mussolini wanted to distract the attention from
economic problems by enlarging the Italian empire in Africa. Italy had
lost over 40% of its imports because of the Wall Street Crash and 30%
of its exports. Mussolini wanted to fight in a war and create a giant
empire. Mussolini wanted to gain coal, iron and steel. He also felt
that he needed to invade Abyssinia as revenge for there defeat in
1896. Abyssinia was an independent country and was part of the league.
The league was meant to protect Abyssinia in any problems. In 1935
Italy invaded Abyssinia using...

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