“International terrorism" means activities with the following three characteristics: 1. involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law; 2. appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and 3. occur totally outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S., or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.” (“Definitions of Terrorism in the U.S. Code.”). “The eradication of international terrorist factions is a goal the United Nations has been in pursuit of since its inception. From fear campaigns to suicidal bombings, terrorism is opposed by the entire civilized world, despite the few countries which harbor terrorist organizations within their borders” (“International Terrorism”). Indonesia is completely against terrorism in any form.
How the issue affects your country
In October 2002, a nightclub bombing in Bali killed 202 people. In August 2003, a car bomb exploded outside the Mariott Hotel in Jakarta. It killed 14 people. In September 2004, a car bomb exploded outside of the Austrailian Embassy in Indonesia. It killed 9 people and injured more than 180. In October 2005, there were three suicide bombings on the island of Bali. It killed 23 people. In 2009, two suicide bombing attacks on the JW Mariott and the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Jakarta kills nine people and injured many others. From February to March 2010, several suspected Islamist militants are arrested thought to be linked to Jemaah Islamiah (JI), a suspected terrorist group in the Aceh province. Fourteen men were charged with plotting to launch a terrorist attack. In February 2011, three members of the Ahmidaya sect, a minority Muslim group, are bludgeoned to death in West Java during a mob attack. In March 2012, Pepi Fernando was sentenced to 18 years in prison for a parcel bombing campaign that targeted Muslim leaders and police. In June 2012, bombmaker Umar Patek was sentenced to 20 years in prision for his role in the 2002 Bali bombing. (“Indonesia Profile”).
Your country's policies with respect to the issue and your country's justification for these policies
Indonesia believes measures taken to combat international terrorism must be strengthened, updated, and continued. Indonesia is a member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and the Asia-Europe Meeting (AESM). To date, Indonesia is cooperating under the ASEAN Convention of Counter Terrorism. Indonesia belives that a comprehensive approach is necessary for the eradication of terrorists. A comprehensive approach would address conditions that...