Impact Of Parental Involvement On Student Success And Engagement

2281 words - 9 pages

Parents play a major role in the developmental growth of children as they are their primary caregivers. The parent-child relationship is most poignant as children view their parents as being the most significant role models in their lives. Parental school engagement can be defined as parents’ participation in their children’s school-related activities such as attending teacher conferences, serving on the committee, volunteering, or observing and participating in their children’s educational success (Hill & Taylor, as cited in Powell et al., 2010). Parental involvement is essential in developing children that are academically motivated, engaged, and willing to succeed. The following research paper will thoroughly analyze and explain the following; parenting types, the role of parental engagement in school activities, perceived teacher responsiveness, the effects of parental involvement on children’s intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy, how parents’ educational attainment influences the families socioeconomic status, involvement in extracurricular activities, and lastly ethnic variations.
The manner in which students perceive parental engagement predicts behavioral, academic, and relational outcomes. Students whose parents had higher expectations about grades and achievement attained higher overall scores and were regarded as more academically engaged by their professors. For example, they were more likely to have higher grade point averages and increased levels of classroom engagement. A plausible explanation may be that students internalize their parents’ expectations and thus experience a strong aspiration to excel in school (Chen & Gregory, 2009). Although parents can contribute in several ways, it is essential to recognize that some types of parental involvement are more commonly associated with positive educational outcomes. The following types of parental involvement are associated with positive academic and social outcomes such as; parental interest in school-related activities such as monitoring their children’s homework, parental support, and parental expectations of desired levels of achievement (Chen & Gregory, 2009). In addition, authoritative parenting that consists of high demands and support tends to create children that are independent and highly motivated in school (Urdan, Solek, & Schoenfelder, 2007). Parents can teach their children about appropriate behaviors and attitudes through behavioral reinforcement, by taking interest in their schooling, and by offering educational activities in the home (Chen & Gregory, 2009). For example, students that received positive reinforcements for obtaining exceptional grades reported experiencing heightened care from their professors. Also, parental involvement in terms of assisting children with their homework was beneficial when students were academically engaged (Steinberg, as cited in Chen & Gregory, 2009). Parental involvement also affects relational outcomes, as communication...

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