Digital learning is defined as learning through digital devices such as computers, tablets, or smart phones over the Internet. It is also known by other names, such as virtual learning, online learning, e-learning, distance learning, or continuing education. Digital learning was first introduced as “Computer Assisted Learning Center” in 1982 . The first online course was introduced by “Computer Assisted Learning Campus” in 1994, in which students can take courses over the web . Michael Chasen and Matthew Pittinsky founded Blackboard in 1997. In 1999, Blackboard, SmartThinking and e-campus became popular among different universities around the world. Between 2002 and 2008, there was an increase in students taking online courses by 187% . In the year 2009, total number of students who were taking web-based curriculum was 5.5 million . This statistic shows that the online learning trend is on the rise each day.
Some of the advantages of digital learning are providing a flexible way of education from anytime, anywhere and any place where Internet connection and computers is accessible. It is also an affordable way of learning which reduces travelling cost for coming to classrooms. Students can take the exams and quizzes over the web; even they can submit assignments over the Internet. Instructors can provide all the materials online which in turn no cost for paper and printing. Ernst & Young University had 35% cost decrease because of virtual learning (Hall, 2000).
In contrast, in virtual learning environment, there would be a danger of procrastination among students. Moreover, students will not collaborate with each other because all learning is online, so they will feel isolation.
Although there are several disadvantages of digital learning, there is a rise of different tools and technology that support eLearning, and that is changing the way online and blended courses are being developed and delivered to students. However, there are several challenges in developing digital learning materials and the use of tools and technology, internet bandwidth, usage of interactive software. Moreover, it is not easy to develop online courses that need to have hands on experience or supervised practicums. This paper will discuss the differences between Content Management Systems, tools that are being used in digital learning and the impact of these tools on successful teaching and learning experience for faculty and students.
The premise of Constructivist theory states that, “learning is an active process of mental construction. Each learner has unique knowledge that was derived from experience, interactions with others, or through direct training, and learning occurs through relating new experiences to prior knowledge, and constructing new understandings based on what is already known (Sherman & Kurshan, 2005).”  This theory suggests that if learning is content based then textbooks are enough for a learner to acquire...