This essay will discuss the impacts of inaccessibility of clean water to the lives of people in water poor communities. Water poor communities have suffered for a long time due to inaccessibility of improved clean water source. Several key impacts affecting their lives are health impacts, educational impacts and productivity impacts. Most of us were born and raised in a decent environment that doesn’t lack water supply. But has it ever come to your mind that what is happening to people on the hellish part on earth with inadequate access to water? Have you ever wondered how hard did they struggle in order to sustain their lives?
Kenya, a country located on the eastern coast of Africa is currently facing a critical water crisis. For years, water paucity has been a huge issue in Kenya because of persisting droughts, weak management of water supply, and increased demand of water due to the rapid population growth. Most of the downtown poor Kenyans only have contaminated water accessible to them. Drinking contaminated water can be hazardous to health and death too is a possible outcome. In 2009, there were 11,769 cases of cholera and 274 deaths resulted by it. Due to the lack of clean water, sanitation is another problem. Absence of sanitation increases the risk to infections and diarrheal diseases within people living with HIV and AIDS. In sub-Saharan Africa, women and girls account for 60 percent of all HIV infections. With improved access to water and sanitation facilities, burden on households caring for AIDS-affected members is reduced.
Other than Cholera and HIV, there are still a whole lot of mycobacterial infections associated with the consumption of contaminated water such as tuberculosis. Consuming unclean water from sources used by both humans and animals are key causes of mycobacterial infection. Research of slaughtered animals showed changes in lymphatic glands indicating infection by mycobacteria. This shows that in our environment, mycobacteria exist and humans, domestic animals and wild animals who consume contaminate water can infect each other. Not only that, healers and traditional herbal medicines also poses a risk of transmitting infections from animals and the environment to humans.
Aside from health problems, contaminated water is also causing educational impacts to the water poor communities. Students have to drop out of school to provide and care for their younger sibling in places where HIV and AIDS is causing them to lose their parents. People living in the water poor community needs to travel long distance in order to acquire clean and fresh water. Women and girls living in the community needs to fulfill their duties in acquiring water for their household that leaves them with insufficient time for school. Research in Tanzania displayed a 12 percent increment in school attendance when clean water is accessible within 15 minutes compared to longer than half hour away. In 45 developing countries, surveys have shown that...