This project examines the impacts on humans and environmental factors associating with the Irish Potato Famine between the years of 1845 and 1852. This famine was named so due to Irish’s main staple food being potatoes and the affect of those potatoes on that country once they were unable to be grown. Also known as the Great Famine, which occurred in Ireland, this famine created a mass occasion of starvation, emigration, and disease. This event in history caused many changes throughout the world. Although this was mostly a natural disaster, it was also a product of social causes due to classism and inadequate aid. The time line included presents the causes, effects and outcomes of not only the citizens, but also other nations, and the environment. By examining this prominent historical event, I clarify the causes and outcomes of this historical landmark. This research has been uncovered through historical journals and accredited history archives. This project involves the idea that environment and population directly affect one another. This historical event will show how and to what extent a population can affect the environment and vice versa. The direct affect will illustrate population decreases/death, emigration, crop production, environmental issues, exportation, and genocide. This dissertation provides opinions and outlooks based on personal views and evidence provided.
The Irish Potato famine, which has also been named the Great Famine of 1845-1852, has become a historical event that current and future generations will learn about in history class. This event is a great example of the affects of humans on the environment and how that environment can impacts human. The Irish Potato Famine created mass affects including starvation, emigration and disease.
First The Great Famine created a major period of starvation. Many causes led to starvation of over 750,000 Irish citizens. One main factor was Irish’s main dependency on potatoes. Farmers knew potatoes to be the base food for the poor, due to the availability to grow three times as many potatoes as wheat in a small plot of land, during the winter season, and to livestock as a fodder crop. The crop failure started in the year 1800, records show that throughout the next year’s potato crops failed continuously. Over half of Ireland’s population grew or depended on potatoes. When the summer of 1845 arrived, almost all crops were devastated due to blight: a fungus that attacked potatoes and hindered them from being eaten. It had traveled from Mexico and had stretched throughout large areas of northern and central Europe. By mid-August, Belgium, Holland, northern France and southern England were all obtained by blight (Mintz and McNeil, 2013).
Although the devastation of potato crops was significant, other factors caused this massive famine as well. During this time the British government was also to blame. England leaders were under the impression that the free...