"Imperialism, Alliances, And War" Study Notes

844 words - 3 pages

After 1870, Europe extended its power over ten million square miles and one hundred fifty million people - about one-fifth of the world's land area and one-tenth of its population. Since the motives for the New Imperialism was economic, European attitudes toward imperialism was hanged. Previous imperialism seized land and settled it with the conqueror's people or established raiding centers to exploit the resources of the dominated area. However, in New Imperialism, a European nation would invest capital in a "less industrialized" country, to develop its mines and agriculture to build railroads, bridges, harbors, and telegraph systems, and to employ great numbers of natives in this process.Bismarck wanted to improve the new Germany's diplomatic position in Europe after 1871. He hoped that colonial expansion would redirect French hostility against Germany and that German colonies in Africa could be used as a weapon with which to persuade the British to be reasonable. He insisted that Germany was a satisfied power and wanted no further territorial gains after 1871. He wanted to avoid a new war that might undo his achievements. Bismarck established the Three Emperor's League in 1873 to bring together the conservative empires of Germany, Austria, and Russia. The league failed as result of Austro-Russian rivalry in the Balkans. Bismarck was a complete success. He was allied with three of the great powers and friendly with the other, Great Britain, which held aloof from all alliances.While Germany's fleet became threatening, Britain would build enough ship to maintain their advantage, and Britain had greater financial resources than Germany. The naval policy's main achievement was to begin a great naval race with Britain. The threat alarmed British opinions so much that Britain abandoned their traditional attitudes and policies. In 1902, the first violation in Britain isolation came and concluded an alliance with Japan to defend British interests in the Far East against Russia. Britain then abandoned its traditional rivalry with France and in 1904 concluded a series of agreements with the French, called the Entente Cordiale. Britain's decisions may not have been wise since in 1914 French and British military and naval plans were incredibly dependent, making them allies.Developments in the Balkans lead to the outbreak of World War I since the weak Ottoman Empire still had control of the central strip of the Balkan Peninsula from Constantinople to the Adriatic. The Balkan inhabitants spoke the same Slavic language and felt a cultural and historical kinship with one another. Austrians,...

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