Early in the twentieth century, imperialism was brought up by European powers of the time; Germany, Great Britain, France, and Russia. These nations were after raw materials in Asia, Africa, and South America and when they realize that they could not retrieve it, they began to colonize smaller counties that contain the many resources they need and used it for their benefit. Western values played a big part in European imperialism. European civilization experienced a period of extraordinary rapid expansion worldwide during the nineteenth century and the twentieth century. European nation-states had become very powerful because of industrialization. Imperialist projects will unite European industrial power with smaller nation-states.
The main causes of imperialism in Europe were to search for new markets, raw material, cheap and profitable labor and land, and goods demanded by a mass consumption market (Imperialism). Europeans wanted to manufacture goods including oil, cotton, rubber, tin, copper, and gold and they hired Indian laborers for cheap to grow cotton and opium (Imperialism). They also wanted a mass consumption market of coffee, chocolate, tea, bananas, and oranges. Europe started building mass colonies to help them with industrialize and grow. Colonies are designed to help and support the leader country (Imperialism). These colonies provided cheap raw materials, cheap labor and land, and also provided an open market which was only to benefit Europe westernize as a county.
British imperialism started in 1870 with colonizing “Asia and Africa by using military force to take control of the local governments” (European Imperialism). Europe exploited “local economies” for the raw materials that they needed for their “growing industry” (European Imperialism). Missionary work was also very successful in African than in any other country. The economy was an important role in British imperialism. Industrializing meant that they would have more power to rule other parts of the world. Many large factories demanded more raw materials so the British decided to colonize over smaller nations to use their resources.
Technology also had a huge impact on imperialism during westernization; it made imperialism more efficient. Steamships were built so importing and exporting goods would be easier and faster. Also, weapons and modern medicine made military invasions a lot easier. Not only was the technology better, but technology can quickly produce mass quantities of products more efficiently. Technology was power and whoever had technology had power. Technology in Europe opened a new door to industrialization.
With technology came power and Europeans started to believe themselves that they were the “bearers of human rights, law and justice, reason, education, technology and industry, enlightenment” (Whittier.edu). Racism and national superiority including Social Darwinism made it seem as if white men were better and had dominance over every other...