World History AP
Imperialism in America and Africa from 1000 to 1750
Imperialism is when a country exerts is dominance over another through military or diplomatic power. From 1000 to 1750, Imperialism had a very big effect on America and Africa. When it comes to Imperialism in Africa and America, there are two main interests; European and Arabic. Imperialism affected both through ownership, population change, religion, and resources, but how it was carried out differed between the two regions.
A major difference between the two regions affects was ownership. In America, European interests were carried out by mainly the Spanish, who were looking for gold and silver. While in Africa, it was more the Portuguese and Dutch, who were searching more for trade with the locals. With Arabic interests, it was entirely in Africa, and Arab’s never made it to America. This would lead to another difference; how the local peoples were treated. In America, the Spanish were ruthless when it came to the locals. If the locals did not obey the Spanish, they were often wiped out. Even those who did listen were put to work in mines to satisfy the Spain’s want for gold and silver. In Africa, the Portuguese, Dutch, and Arabs were not as hostile, only looking for trade. But this changed very soon, when the slave trade started. There is not much similarity between the ownership of the two regions, besides the fact that in both areas European Imperialism had a large and lasting effect.
A big similarity between the two regions is a massive indigenous population drop. But how it happens in each region differs. In America, the Spanish introduced new diseases that killed almost all of the...