Imperialism In China Essay

664 words - 3 pages

Before the arrival of western powers, China was very stable, agricultural, and ethnocentric. They had many factories that produced silk, cotton, and porcelain with their natural resources: salt, tin, silver, and iron mines. They had no interest of trade or interaction with foreigners. From the early eighteenth century, European and American Imperialism spread throughout China with a goal to extend their nation’s power. China was one of many territories that undertook the changes of New Imperialism. By 1912, the country was governed by outside nations: Great Britain (mostly), Russia, Germany, France, and Japan. Their influence on China resulted malignantly on the country’s economy, political ties, and lifestyle; in spite of the few beneficial outcomes produced during the process, the end factors were valuably more costly than helpful to the country’s wellbeing.
There was only one main benefit that resulted from Western Imperialism and it was the open door policy which only had a small impact on China’s economy. It was introduced by John Hay, the United States secretary of state at the time, because the United States was late to China and didn’t get any sphere of influence. The policy allowed the foreign nations equal access to Chinese ports. Both the spheres of influence and China benefited because they were allowed to trade freely, as long as these three demands were followed: first, each sphere of power would maintain free access to trade; second, only China’s government could collect trade taxes; and third, no nation could be given exemptions from their harbor and railroad dues. The policy was to ensure that the United States stay involved with China, though China did benefit a little from it.
As stated above, the result of Imperialism in China was dreadful. In 1839, a trade imbalance was recognized between China and Britain. China was exporting more than they was importing, especially from Britian. So Britain decided to use a narcotic drug, Indian opium, to reduce the trade shortfall. However, opium was illegal in China...

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