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Imperialism In India Essay

982 words - 4 pages

Throughout history, many nations have implementedimperialism to enforce their will over others for money,protection and civilization. India was no exception. Since itsdiscovery, Europeans were trying get a piece of India's action.In many cases England was the imperial, or mother country. SinceIndia was put under imperialism, a great deal of things changed,some for the good, mostly though for the bad. Between 1640 and1949, India was ruled by two periods of imperialism, both ofwhich effected India in a very profound and permanent manner.The first period of European control was between 1740 and1858. During this period the British East India Companycontrolled the Indian sub-continent under the guise of economicimperialism, when in fact the manipulation of Indian affairs wasmuch more political than let on. When it was founded in 1600 byQueen Elizabeth I, the East India Company's main purpose was 'tobreak into the Indonesian spice trade which was dominated by theDutch.' But after colonizing a post a Madras in 1640, thecompany was re-chartered to include such rights as coining moneyand act as government to British subjects at the East IndiaCompany's posts. As well, the British government also gave thecompany the right to make was or peaceful arrangements withpowers who were non-Christian. This control expanded with thefounding of a port at Bombay in 1668, and the founding ofCalcutta in 1690. Then in 1756, a young employee named RobertClive, who had been named lieutenant-governor in 1755, was sentto take back Calcutta from the Bengal nawab. He accomplishedthis in January of 1757. Then later that year, Clive lead agroup of 950 European and 2,000 Indian soldiers(sepoys) againsta group of 50,000 Indians lead by a degenerate nawab at Plassey.The victory of the English forces over the local resistancebrought Bengal under the effective political control of the EastIndia Company. Although a 'puppet nawab' was left in control ofthe area, Clive was granted the right to extract land revenuefrom most of eastern India. Through out this whole period, thecompany slowly found it's privledges being revoked, until in1858, the Sepoy Rebellion, or the Indian Revolution, finallybrought an end to the rule of the East India Company in Indiawhen it was revealed the cause of the rebellion was the use ofbeef and pork fat to grease rifle cartridges, which are taboo tothe Muslims and Hindus. This Revolution brought the rule of theEast India Company to an end.The second period of English imperialism started in Augustof 1858 when the British monarchy assumed direct control of Indiafrom the East India Company. This established a full colonialgovernment, where British officials run the countries affairs, inIndia. This is known as colonial imperialism. This period wasone of major change in Indian life and culture. While the EastIndia Company tried respect local customs and learn locallanguages, the colonial government 'tried to impose Britishculture on India. . . encouraged the Indian...

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