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Imperialism In Malaysia Essay

710 words - 3 pages

According to Steven A. Leibo, the history of Malaysia begins with Melaka, a state with ports for trading, and a gateway to trade throughout the world (182). In Colonialism: An International Social, Cultural, and Political Encyclopedia, Eric A. Jones explains that in 1511, the Portuguese were the first to conquer Melaka for control over the spice trade. Then came the Dutch, who took over in 1642, and finally, the British who colonized in 1795, gaining power over the sea trade as well as capital from exports and a docking port (364). In her book Malaysia, Barbara A. Poisson adds that under British rule, the colony expanded and was named Malaya. From then on, Malaya’s economy began to rapidly expand, and Britain achieved 162 years of successful ruling. It wasn’t until August 31, 1957 that Malaya gained independence from Britain.(p.14) Following World War II, the Japanese began to take over Malaya for power. Britain and U.S united against the Japanese, forcing them to leave. While this was happening, communists decided to go against the British and claim Malaya. This rebellion was called “The Emergency” and it lasted 12 years.(p.44) In 1953, Malaya gained the right to self- govern, and in 1957, Malaya gained independence. (p.46) Not only did imperialism in Malaysia affect its economy by changing resource use, but it also had a social and technological effects, by increasing diversity and modernizing transportation.
According to Steven A. Leibo, imperialism had a positive effect on Malaysia’s economy. He also stated that after Britain took over Malaya, the production of natural resources and the introduction to the rubber tree caused a huge economic growth. Not only did Malaya have fertile soil and the ideal climate for planting cash crops, but it also had ports that attracted traders from all over the world. Malaya began to export a large variety of goods including tin, palm oil, and pepper. This brought capital to the land, and British Malaya grew with the production of tin and rubber (182). Today, Malaysia has become the tenth largest trading nation in the world.
As Bruce Boon states, in effect of the growing economy Malaya grew extremely diverse, which led to conflict. As the economy grew larger, so did the need for more labor. Chinese and...

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