Imperialsim: The Roman Empire Essay

2232 words - 9 pages

Throughout history, the major powers of the world constantly seek to conquer other parts of the world. Most of the powers were centralized in Europe, for example the Roman Empire. During the Age of Exploration, the idea of taking over other nations is brought back in a more modernized way. Imperialism is the idea of a major power controlling another nation or land with the intentions to use the native people and resources to help the mother country in any way possible. Starting around the 18th century, this policy is adopted by many European countries and continues for centuries after. However, the motives for the Europeans to adopt this policy of Imperialism are still being examined. Reasons for these countries to take such actions due to the three G’s of imperialism – God, Gold, Glory. Each with unique attributes these three terms summarize the causes for imperialism. Glory embodies the idea of power and how much the mother country has compared to other empires. The greater the power a country has, shows that the mother country is a force to be dealt with and noticed. Gold represents the economic reasons for the conquest of other nations. The mother country is taking all opportunities to secure resources and additional labour for their factories. God signifies religion and social reasons that come with overtaking another country. This includes the duty to help the “backward” nations to become like them. Resulting in the assimilation of cultures and religion, while simultaneously maintaining control within the countries. The Europeans combine all these reasons of power, economy, and cultural reasons to justify the implementation of imperialistic policy in their country.
Dominance and glorification in Europe was the most prized possession in all countries and lead to the continuity of European countries taking over other nations to boost their position within the major powers. This position of being first was the major contribution for embracing the policy of imperialism in Europe. This idea is most prominent in the less powerful countries within Europe who desire this power. Friedrich Fabri writes, “By obtaining colonies, we can restore Germany’s position as the most prestigious, important, and influential nation in Europe.” (1) This is part of Fabri’s justification of German imperialism and it shows the idea of being number one in Europe. Take notice of the words “prestigious, important, and influential”. These words describe the meaning of glory and how much power it has. With this magnificence and importance, German can become the greatest influence in Europe. But the British, who were thought to achieve the goal of becoming the greatest power, struggle to maintain its superiority. The British also reinforce the policy of imperialism with the same reasons as they attempt to control its place at the top. Josiah Strong writes, “it is our responsibility to seize these lands and secure our dominance.” (2) Strong is implying that if Britain stops...

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