There are many problems with the current ATC system most of which is because it is out dated and there is progressively becoming more and more traffic in the air. It is going to come to the point where the current system will not be able to handle the increasing traffic.
Increasing traffic has caused the development of a new technology called Next Gen. The new technology is a very different approach to the current system and may incur various problems during the transformation process. The research shown will show what is occurring in the air traffic control world and how the Next Gen system is going to benefit over the old system.
There is too much air ...view middle of the document...
This allows controller to keep tabs on you at all times. From taking off to landing at your destination you will be in contact with someone along the way. Once in the air as you pass over zones and sectors you get passed along from controller to controller that is responsible for that area.
During preflight the pilot transmits data to the tower (including name/flight #, type of aircraft and equipment. Airspeed and cruising alt., and route, etc…) the flight data person generates a flight progress strip that will be passed from each corresponding controller throughout the aircrafts flight. Once the flight plan has been approved the flight data person gives clearance delivery and the progress strip to ground control to be reviewed. Once the ground controller deems it safe after checking weather and current conditions the pilot is ready to taxi to its assigned runway. The progress strip is then passed to the tower where a controller watches radar and incoming to aircraft to insure a safe airspace when taking off. Once the aircraft has departed the pilot is then handed over to a TRACON facility where a departure controller is in control of keeping an eye on the aircraft.
Once in the air the pilot turns on its transponder this provides the controller with its flight number, altitude, and destination. This information appears on radar so the controller watching you is able to follow you as well as see other aircraft in your area to provide a safe flight. Once the aircraft leaves TRACON airspace it is passed on to a center controller. Here you may be watched by a few different controllers, a radar controller maintains safe separation of all aircraft in its assigned sector. There is also controllers that receive flight plan information to be reviewed before the aircraft enters there sector. The flight plan progress slip also is being updated and passed along the way as the aircraft transfers from different controllers and stations.
During approach and landing you enter TRACON airspace again, an approach controller gets ahold of the pilot and gives him directions on what to do next for instance a change in heading and altitude,...