Implication Of Schizotypy As A Personality Trait

2172 words - 9 pages

Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait

Gruzelier (1996) suggest that “schizotypy consists mainly of impulsive
non-conformity, social anxiety, positive features such as unusual
perceptions, and negative features such as introversions.” (Cited in
Miller P, et al. 2002, p.179).

In this essay one would like to explore the definition given to
‘schizotypy’ and to give a brief discussion on this concept and
whether schizotypy is a single trait or whether there are more factors
to be considered, for it was conceptualized by Eysenck as a single
personality trait named psychoticism, however it was Claridge's work
that suggested that this personality trait was much more complex, and
that such scales, namely Ensenck’s psychoticism scale (P), “tap up to
four different components that map onto the clinical heterogeneity of
schizophrenia (and potentially other forms of psychosis)” (Mason, O.
1995, P.272). And so therefore this leads onto another question of, if
it is not a single trait then what are the other factors?

This essay will also look into the differences with other similar
constructs such as schizophrenia, and whether there are aspects of
schizotypy that predict future schizophrenia? Finally discussing
evidence in coherence to these questions and the types of instruments
used, e.g. questionnaires and structured interviews, and how reliable
these can be, finishing with a general overview of how one might
perceive a personality trait to be, in specific relation to
schizotypy.

Schizotypy is the term used which refers to people who function
completely normally, but show reduced levels of the cognitive,
emotional and attention problems which are found in an exaggerated
form of schizophrenic subjects. (Cooper, 2002, p. 146). It was also
suggested by Cooper that the concept of schizotypy, therefore, is said
to have much in common with Eysenck’s idea of psychoticism. (Psychoticism
is one of the three traits used by the psychologist Hans Eysenck in
his P-E-N model (psychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism) model of
personality.
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mental_illness_diagnosis_by_DSM_and_ISCDRHP
- 20k ) Both these traits are thought to predict the risk of
developing schizophrenia, but researchers such as Claridge have tried
to predetermine all the main symptoms of schizophrenia from the
clinical to the non-clinical population. It was said that Eysenck
focused more on impulsive, sensation seeking, cruel and solitary
behaviors, who only mildly referred to the perceptual distortions or
cognitive and attention problems. Therefore he concluded that even if
the traits have some similarities, they are unlikely to be identical.
(Cooper, 2002, pp. 146-7).

To determine whether schizotypy is a single trait can be complicated
in the fact that if a personality disorder...

Find Another Essay On Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait

A personality review of Dr. Maya Angelou (personality theory).

1985 words - 8 pages elements of the approach: it is obvious that she accepts personality responsibility for her life, and doesn't blame anyone else for anything bad that may have happened to her. She hasn't allowed anyone else to make her decisions. Her need for personal growth doesn't seem like it has been met due to the fact that she continues to work and strive for more. I would consider Dr. Angelou to be a fully functioning person because she trusts her own

Mischief, Mayhem, In Tyler We Trust: A Textual Analysis of Personality Disorders as Depicted in the Film Fight Club

2579 words - 10 pages the prevalence of DID in the U.S. population is from 1 in 1,500 to 1 in 5,000, or between 250,000 and 2,500,000 people…four times as many women are diagnosed as men” (DID Facts). Multiple Personality Disorders being depicted as one of the key themes of a particular story have been portrayed in the media for many years. “The most prominent early treatment of the disorder in popular fiction is ‘The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’ (1886

Personality: a Neurobiological Model of Extraversion

1093 words - 4 pages dopamine or serotonin play a role in personality disorders. Of course a complex personality trait such as extraversion is not controlled solely by two or three neurotransmitters. It is most likely an elaborate interaction between many different chemicals and neurons in the brain. However, dopamine is a good place to begin investigation. Dopamine has far reaching influences in the nervous system. A single dopamine releasing neuron can form 500,000

The Personality of a Caring God

2005 words - 9 pages Genesis when the earth was being formed. That seventh day was a day of rest for God. That is when the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. God's personality, as human personality does, shifts dependent on the situation. Much of Yahweh's personality was dependent on Israel's history and what was happening at the time. God is a very strong God. He fights for his people. A quote from Exodus that represents God's power: "I will sing

A Tale of Two Personality Assessments

1529 words - 6 pages men and women from hundreds of different professions, a wide range of ages, and all major ethnic backgrounds in both the United States and Canada (Birkman International INC., 2007). Reliability and validity studies are available.Reliabilities (when scores are treated as continuous scores, as in most other psychological instruments) are as good as or better than other personality instruments. On retest, people come out with three to four type

A Differential Diagnosis of a Histrionic Personality Disorder.

2548 words - 10 pages IntroductionWhat is a personality disorder?A personality disorder is defined by the ICD-10 (as cited in Long, 2005) as being a severe disturbance in the characterological constitution and behavioural tendencies of the individual, usually involving several areas of the personality, and nearly always associated with considerable personal and social disruptions. In other words, a personality disorder arises in people who have experienced severe

The extent to which a Central Bank should have both goal and instrument independence and examine the possible implication of this on achievement of the macro-economic objectives.

2118 words - 8 pages In this essay I will investigate to what extent a Central Bank should have both goal and instrument independence followed by an examination of the possible implications this could have on the macro-economic objectives. A Central Bank has several functions; these include the issue of national currency, to act as banker to both government and private banks, and to oversee the financial system. Central Banks also administer national monetary policy

Demonstrate an understanding of human rights legislation and reflect on its implication for people with a learning disability. this reflection looks at personal relationships

1765 words - 7 pages should be allowed to act on them. They are seldom given encouragement, opportunity or the necessary privacy to develop intimate sexual relationships. (Annette, 2004)When discussing issues such as parenting, sex, and also homosexuality, all of which may be regarded as positive, emphasis is often placed on possible negative implications. For example, in relation to parenting, despite evidence that people with a learning disability can develop

An infant crying is a behavioral trait of all new born babies. An infant's first instinct when born is to cry. Why do infants cry?

695 words - 3 pages Critical Observation PaperSubject A being the parent was observing subject B being the infant. Subject A observes that subject B cries for various reasons. When an infant expresses a need to cry it is the parents responsibility to find out why they are crying. A primary trait of infants is to cry when they want to communicate their needs and discomforts that require some attention. The parent primarily needs to make sure the infant is not in any

Comparing the Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches as They Apply to the Study of Intelligence and Personality

1976 words - 8 pages . Outline intelligence Psychologists relied on statistical results because it involves vast number of people, making it reliable. Intelligence is a behavior or thinking produced by our personality; some say it is whatever intelligence measures. Intelligent theories also argue if it is a divergent or unity ability, yet some argue about even considering it as a part of personality. Personalities like intelligent, it can be measure by psychometric

What we look for in a good leader and person. Integrity is a vital trait that is looked at to be moral and a mold of a righteous person.

543 words - 2 pages what we look for in a good leader and person. Integrity is a valued trait that is looked at to be moral and a mold of a righteous person.In Stephen L. Carter's The Rules about the Rules, Integrity is described in a new light of understanding the value and true meaning of the virtue, how such merit is looked upon in society, and how one strives to accomplish a value of integrity.In today's culture integrity is a virtue that is undefined. It is

Similar Essays

The Trait Theory Of Personality Essay

2311 words - 9 pages . Major contributors to the trait theory of personality include three prominent psychologists. Boeree (2006) states that American born psychologist Gordon Allport has been described as the founding father of personality trait theory. Allport’s distinguished career included him holding presidency of the American Psychological Association (APA) and receiving the Gold Medal Award and a Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the APA (Carducci

Personality Stability And Change In Trait Theories Of Allport And Eysenck

1128 words - 5 pages individuals, evaluating categories of values within a person, instead of across groups. This approach reduces researchers’ bias as the study is focused on investigation of traits presented in each individual, rather than a theorized central trait (Burger, 2010). Allport was influential in conceptualizing of personality, but his trait model is rather philosophical than scientific. Falsification of his hypothesis and organization of psychological data

Using A Zen Approach To Life As A Personality Theory

2979 words - 12 pages to better one's mind and further their spirituality in the eastern world. Zen Buddhism and its' many forms is commonly used as a daily, even hourly, form of therapeutic oneness with the mind; an excellent framework within which a definitive answer to a personality may be quantified and understood. Though there is no common or distinct definition of personality, the quantification or measurement previously mentioned, is commonly referred to as a

A Critical Review Of Kelly’s Personality Theory In Personality Development

2648 words - 11 pages 1. Introduction Personality is a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that gives both consistency and individuality to a person’s behavior (Feist & Feist, 2008). For centuries, philosophers, personality theorists and other thinkers have been trying to answer: what personalities are like, how personalities are developed, why different personalities are developed and how personalities can be changed (Pervin & Cervone