This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Implicit Personality Theory And Stereotypes Essay

2058 words - 8 pages

According to Baron, Byrne & Suls in their book Attitudes: Evaluating the social world. (1989) they defined the term Social Psychology as “the scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior in social situations”. (p. 6). There are many concepts of social perception, two of these that will be looked at in this essay are Implicit Personality Theory and stereotypes. Implicit personality theory describes the beliefs, biases and assumptions, that an individual uses when he or she forms impressions on a stranger based on limited information. The way we form impressions and the different conclusions we make about other people based upon our individual impressions is also part of this theory. One of the first people to investigate how people form impressions was Solomon Asch in the 1940’s in his experiment ‘Forming Impressions of Personality' he was interested in how people form impressions and if certain traits affected peoples impressions. A good example of Implicit personality theory is if someone who is considered unpredictable they may be considered dangerous. The second Concept of Social Psychology that will be considered is stereotypes. Cardwell (1996) described stereotypes as “...A fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people.” may have beliefs and thoughts on different social groups and individual people and how they should act, and believe that all people in that group conform and have the same characteristics as the rest. By using stereotypes, it helps us simplify how we think of the social world as having a stereotype reduces our thinking process when we meet new people. An example of stereotyping is saying that all French people wear berets and have garlic and onions hanging around their neck, this is a type of group stereotyping, implying that all French people wear berets and have garlic and onions around their neck. An example of racial stereotyping is saying “All Black people are criminals”. This is a racial stereotype as you are implying that all black people commit an offense which is not the case. By stereotyping people, it can lead to social categorization which can be a source of prejudice (the “them” and “Us” mentality).
We as people do not already have stereotypes and prejudices in our mind when we are born, we develop these stereotypes and prejudices over time and these are often influenced by who we surround ourselves with as well as our surroundings. According to the book ‘Psychology The science of mind and behaviour‘ by Nigel Holt et al, social cognition can be defined as ‘the social side of our mental processes and how people make sense of themselves and others around them’. Social cognition is important as it helps us apply and store information about other people and social situations. Social cognition is important because it helps us apply and store information about other people and social situations. The way we think about others is an important...

Find Another Essay On Implicit Personality Theory and Stereotypes

Spring Assignment

1017 words - 5 pages think about black people, whats the first thing you think of? Often its something derogatory or stereotypical, the social cognition approach argues this is your implicit attitude coming into play. There is a vast range of evidence which supports the idea that stereotypes can be automatically activated. The idea is that, if a stereotype is is learnt well and used often then the content of the stereotype comes to mind automatically when cues are

Aggressive Behavior Essay

1380 words - 6 pages , as well as beliefs about the relative importance in our society of the stereotyped category, tend to determine the implicit and explicit applications of stereotypes to behavior toward group members (Wittenbrink, Judd, & Park, 1997). Implicit stereotypic influence may incite aggression in different ways. One way it may have an effect is by creating expectations about victims and perpetrators of aggression. Perceptions of bias may be determined

How Do Implicit Attitudes Influence How We Respond to Other?

1476 words - 6 pages consider others’ ideas. Stereotypes are the belief that most members of a group have some characteristic. An implicit stereotype is one that occurs outside of conscious awareness and control. Stereotypes are increasingly seen as automatic and unavoidable category-feature associations that are mental dregs of experience to cultural prejudice. The current theory and measurement remove stereotypes from the fluidity of social life and place them firmly

What's In a Name? Priming Effects on Implicit Prejudices

2472 words - 10 pages stereotypically Black or White names to a description of an individual after having been primed with hostile versus non-hostile behavior, and whether differences in frequency of matching are seen in individuals showing high versus low implicit prejudice. Thus, it is proposed that priming individuals with images of stereotypes characteristic of Black individuals (such as hostility) will facilitate the activation of implicit prejudices—high or low

Effects of Stereotypes

1246 words - 5 pages from scientists studying the theory and finally real life situations where the theory applies. Vedantam’s purpose is to use the information he found to give notice to the phenomenon. He adopts a didactic tone for the readers of the Washington Post. After reading this article, my class decided to conduct our own study about stereotypes at PLHS. We planned to collect data from our fellow students by interviewing and recording what they reported

The principal approach to Perception of self and others & what can assist someone to be a qualified manager

1650 words - 7 pages perceptions rather than focus on what a person is saying or doing to build up new impressions of him. But one can overcome some negative effects of stereotyping if he changes his perceptual outlook and see the situation in a totally new way.The implicit personality theory involves individual's expectation of others. 'Sometimes one always carries around his own implicit theories about which personality characteristics tend to go with others

Differentiation

1203 words - 5 pages , & Langlois, 2005). Implicit stereotype activation can be measured by the response times of individuals If Christians and Atheists are distinguishable from their faces, it is possible that each of these religious groups exhibit separate, distinct traits that provide the perceiver with cues utilized for judgment and categorization. Previous studies have found that perceiver judgments for personality are often correlated with actual personality; this

Communication Competence

894 words - 4 pages I grew up; most of my friends and family were very judgmental. Although the halo and horn effect play a part in why I stereotype, I believe another reason for my problem is the implicit personality theory. Implicit personality theory states that you use a personal set of assumptions and expectations to draw conclusions about someone’s personality. Many people of today’s society have their own kind of barriers to communicating effectively, by

Gender and Sexuality

1192 words - 5 pages provide for their family. Stereotypes between men and women are also reflected in their respective fields of occupation. A study on the implicit and explicit occupational gender types, Sex Roles, “Occupational gender stereotypes are activated when men and women are considered to be more suited for certain occupations based on stereotyped characteristics and temperaments” (White and White 2006). Matheus represented the following examples, “a

Should Students Be Required to Take Courses to Address their Implicit Biases? - Augusta Technical College - Essay

1301 words - 6 pages stereotypes and contrast them with counter-acting examples. • When you go out with our friends, assume the perspective of an outgroup member (stranger) so you can better appreciate what their concerns might be towards you. • Get outside of your comfort zone. Have positive conversations with people outside of your race. It will decrease stereotyping and anxiety against others. Finally, the discussion of implicit stereotyping. First, when making

Mass Medias Effects on Sterotyping

1030 words - 5 pages takes place not only as a result of racial animus, but as a result of stereotypical links that trigger reactions when people are incapable to effectively control them. Negative stereotypes may remain increasingly accessible as a result of contextual factors, for instance racist occurrences in the media, as well as interacting with racially prejudiced persons. Implicit stereotypes can be equally detrimental, if not more problematical, as conventional stereotypes since they can manipulate judgments in subconscious and subtle ways, even in persons who assume that they are not narrow-minded.

Similar Essays

Holland’s Theory Of Personality And Environmental Interaction

622 words - 3 pages environments that will are best suited to their personality type and pattern. 4. In turn, a career that is matched with the individual’s type has a more positive outcome that one that does not match. One of the big facets of Holland’s theory is that individuals who’s personality patterns and work environment are congruent will have a better career outlook and success. As well, individuals who’s work and personality types that are different

Structure And Functioning Of The Personality In Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory

2499 words - 10 pages Structure and Functioning of the Personality in Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, as the creator of psychoanalytic theory, has begun his career as a neurologist, treating patients with hypnosis to cure hysteria. Because it had almost no affect on curing the patient, he discovered the method of free association, in which patients say whatever comes to their mind. By listening and noticing what patients were

Critical Essay On The Personality Test Theory And How Different Issues Helped Us To Understand The Human Mind

586 words - 2 pages personality test we rated the best colors that suit us and used some mathematical skills by adding up scores to determine our primary, secondary, third and last color. This test helped us to realize the color that best described certain characteristics like our abilities, thereby increasing our personal wellness.The second is the Validation essay. This essay required us to validate whether our true color best described our behavior. The essay also

Implicit Racism In Our Society And The Harvard Implicit Association Test

1316 words - 5 pages judged on the basis of their membership in the group rather than their individual characteristics. An implicit stereotype is subconscious, yet it has a great effect on a person's actions and behavior. Implicit stereotypes have the ability to alter our perception and therefore influence our interpretation of the world around us. Implicit stereotypes are so deeply rooted in the mind that they do not require active cognition. They are an automatic