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Importance Of Army, Diplomacy, Gender Roles And Social Structure Of Ramesside Period

2476 words - 10 pages

SOCIAL STRUCTUREActual order of structure in pyramid drawn next to source 5Look at source 1 brief outlineO Connor explains the occupations defined the socio-economic divisions between the social structures.THE KINGErik Hornung- "The social pyramid of humanity, as seen by the Egyptians, culminated in the king."Essential essence of social structure "Divine Kingship" human being in the role of a god, at same time was a priest, a servant of gods representing all humanity to the gods.Upheld ma'atterm used to uphold ideal state of universe and society, responsibilities like truth and justice(SOURCE 23 B)Representations through animals, "Falcon" nature of king, lion sphinx, griffin-NW most popular combined title "Horus" with the element "Strong Bull (SOURCE 19, 20, 21) emphasis on strength prominent during period relates to importance of army(Hornung) Continued traditional that king's individuality receded completely into background behind his role.-Ramses II, reigned 66yrs have no depictions as an old man; even at 88 he still appeared in youth that was ideal image of the king."Official inscriptions" did tell of King's actions, but clearly for politically motivated reasons-R II Battle of Kadesh (SOURCE 26)-Diplomatic marriages peace treaties (SOURCE 29)-Illustrate right to rule (SOURCE 19)Tradition of building policy demonstrating religious policy & promoting own importance:-Although Amun still prominent, more variety, more gods e.g. Ptah showing origin from North-Strong connections to gods statues made to likeness of current pharaoh.-.g. R II inscriptions and scarabs representing himself as manifestation of Sun god on earth "Great Soul of Re-Harakhte"ADMINISTRATIONMost important position after king was Vizier head of judiciary, chief royal architect, and keeper of state archives.High ranked officials who were in charge of Administration, army and priesthood (O Connor) enjoyed status, substantial economic benefits (shown through their tombs SOURCE 2)From the New Kingdom onward noblemen often omitted mentioning their social inferiors in their autobiographies and preferred to stress their service to the king and the gods. (SOURCE 3)There was not a clearly defined difference in roles of the administrator and priest (SOURCE 3) High priest AND administrator responsible for things such as erections of buildings.Priest was not exactly a religious role eitherfollowing Kemp's Distributive Economy Theory temples were economic centres of Egypt.Collected food from peasants, farmers as tax, or were offered to gods. Then given as wages to all employees of Gov't, as wages.(SOURCE 6)-Workers of Deir El Medina Strike under Ramses III, outside temple where they got their wages food.SCRIBESFrom 18th Dynasty scribes not only concerned merely with administrative needs (Middle Kingdom) but genuine intellectual class.- (Alessandro Roccati) "..no longer necessarily producing culture on behalf of the palace but also for their own purposes (SOURCES 9,10)- The emergence of...

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