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Importance Of Biotechnology Essay

994 words - 4 pages

Biotechnology is a group of technologies that work together with living cells and their molecules to prolong life (Keener and Hoban et al., 2014). Today biotechnology can be used in a variety of ways such as in an industrial setting where they use it to create enzymes to synthesize chemicals, in an environmental setting where they use it for waste and pollution prevention and lastly it can be used in medical applications such as in pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering, DNA fingerprinting and in lastly it can be used in stem cell therapy (Keener and Hoban et al., 2014). In today’s society biotechnology is essential for our health and wellbeing, every society on earth depends and uses ...view middle of the document...

The recent development of the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine combined genetic technology to produce recombinant HPV coat proteins with nanotechnology that aided in increasing antigenicity (De Veer and Meeusen, 2011).
According to the World Health Organization vaccinations save an estimated 2.5 million lives every year from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and measles (Bio.org.2007). Biotechnology has also aided scientists in improving existing vaccines as well as assisting them in creating new vaccines against infectious agents (Bio.org.2007). Specific vaccines have been used to protect those in greatest need of protection against infectious diseases such as pregnant women, cancer patients and the immunocompromised (Andre and Booy et al., 2008).
As mentioned by Nicklin (2001) genetically engineered vaccines grow every year from the creation of the hepatitis B vaccine to the creation of the rabies vaccine in which also includes veterinary and experimental vaccines. However vaccinations doesn’t just stop with controlling diseases, it also can be used to transfer other genetic abilities by using altered viruses (Nicklin 2001). Into the future who knows it might even be possible to develop a vaccine that provides the consumer with enhanced stamina without the need for excessive training (Nicklin 2001).
Using biotechnology in the creation of vaccines has impacted the society in more ways than one, in the past vaccinations impacted on the elimination of smallpox allowing termination of routine smallpox vaccination globally, vaccines have also impacted on elimination in four of six world health organization regions where considerable progress has been made in measles elimination where transmission no longer occurs naturally and the introduction of the virus does not result in constant spread of the virus (Andre and Booy et al., 2008). Current research includes the eradication of polio which is still a global challenge as transmissions of type two and three continues in limited areas in a few countries (Andre and Booy et al., 2008). Researches are also...

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