Importance Of The Rainforeest Essay

749 words - 3 pages

The Amazon rainforest in Brazil is the least populated place in the country. It is home to tribal people, however, who depend on the rainforest for their life. They are careful not to damage the environment and respect all living species. They live in a Kayapo Village which is a circle of wooden buildings with palm- leafed thatched roofs. The Kayapo hunt, fish and collect food from the forest to survive. Villagers are sometimes lucky enough to get a few crops. There is over 250 fruits and hundreds of vegetables and nuts in the forest which provides the tribal people with a very healthy diet. Animal bones and skins, bamboo and nutshells are used to make musical instruments. Body paints are also very popular; the main colours are red and black. These are made from plants. Large lips are considered beautiful with the Kayapo tribe so they have lip plates. The tribe member, as a baby, has there lip cut and a small disk inserted. As they grow, the disk will be replaced with a ...view middle of the document...

Animals have different ways of protecting themselves from predators as they are always at risk of being eaten:Hiding - concealing themselves in burrows, under rocks or leaves, in trees or other hard to find placesCamouflage - some animals can blend into the environment to make them nearly impossible to see e.g. chameleon, Indian leaf butterflyScaring - Some animals try to make the predator think they are bigger and fiercer than they are. Butterflies' eye designs on their wings make them look the head of a large animal rather than a defenceless butterfly.Warning colours - Poisonous animals aren't scared to show their defensive methods. They usually show this with bright colours and flashy patterns. If a predator eats one member of the group it will get ill. This will make it avoid this species in the future.The rainforest is often known by scientist as the "lungs" of the earth. This is because millions of trees absorb huge amounts of carbon dioxideRainforests are important because:They provide a habitat for people, plants and animals. They are home to more than half of the world's plants and wildlife.They help stop soil erosion, floods and droughtsMedicines are made from over 650 forest plantsThe trees remove carbon dioxide and the atmosphere produces lots of the oxygen humans and animals need to survive.At least 80% of the world's diet originated in the rainforest. Some foods include bananas, oranges, lemons, chocolate, cinnamon, rice, sugar cane, coffee and vanilla.One and a half acres of rainforest are being cut down every second with tragic consequences. Some plants and animals are forced to find a new home while others die.Humans are the main cause of the destruction. Rainforest are being cut down for:Mining - Iron ore, gold, copper, bauxite and other minerals have been found in the rainforest.New roads - Many new roads have been built deep into the rainforest. The roads help move timber, cattle and crops to the markets.Cattle ranches - Large areas of the forest have been bought by multi-national companies from cattle ranching.Hydro - electric power stations - An unlimited water supply and ideal river conditions have led to the development of my hydro-electric power stations.To make furniture, cabinets, paper and other objects made from wood. It is a cheap way to source these things.

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