Important Quotes from The Communist Manifesto
According to Marx and Engles, every society from written history forward has been plagued with the issue of class conflict. Historical examples of opposing classes include slaves and slaveowners, laborer and landowner, and aristocrats and commoners. In modern capitalist societies, however, the main conflict is between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie; “Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” (Marx and Engels 14). The term “bourgeoisie” describes the wealthier class that owned property and means of production such as factories and businesses. The bourgeoisie exploited the proletariat- the working class. The Communist Manifesto accuses the bourgeoisie class of ruining the honorable aspects of all jobs, even that of doctors and priest, and changing the dynamic of work and social relationships. A capitalist society forces individuals to work in horrid conditions for poor wages. Although it is true that the bourgeoisie and proletariat are two opposing classes, it is Marx’s interpretation that labels them “two great hostile camps.” Marx’s interpretation of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as opposing, hostile groups is fairly accurate, however not all relationships involving the burgeoisie and proletariat are hostile.
One of the main goals of Marxism is to make private property public; “In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in one single sentence: Abolition of private property” (Marx and Engels 27). Private property as Marx considered it is the ownership of the means of production (such as factories) by individuals or organizations for their own personal gain. Private property allows the exploitative relationship of the worker and the factory owner to continue to flourish; the proletariat lack any property of their own and they hardly make enough money to live (let alone buy their own property) and therefore they must continue to work under the exploitative conditions put forth by the bourgeoisie. Marx thought that abolishing private property and putting property into the hands...