Societal attitudes about sexuality in Canada have changed a lot throughout the 20th century, primarily towards premarital sexual intercourse. Previously, society’s view, values and beliefs were strongly opposed to sex before marriage and supported abstinence till marriage. The issue of sexual behaviour among adolescents was more private and even unspoken of then. Presently, though the previous generation still keep these values, the majority of adolescents hold a positive view and consent sexual activity before marriage, especially if it is between people who are romantically involved with each other, and few are open to discuss their sexuality with their family and friends (Rathus, Nevid & Fichner-Rathus, 2010, p. 328). A national survey found that 27% of Canadian parents were aware of their adolescent’s sexual activity. In Martinez, Copen and Abma’s (2011, p. 5) report, 43% of teenage females and 42% of teenage males who had never been married had sexual intercourse. With society’s view on sexuality being more positive and open, more and more adolescents are engaging in sexual activity. The thesis that will be argued is that because sexual behaviour among adolescents is so prevalent and that prevention plans are ineffective, the government should impose yearly mandatory sexually-transmitted-disease testing and physical examinations on teenagers. The youth should have easy and quick access to health care services and should feel at ease to go there to inquire about their sexual health.
The consequences of sexual activity
With many teenagers being sexually active, they are exposed to many possible risks that can be affected by poor decisions, negligence and accidents. Out of the many consequences, the two major concerns are sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancies.
Sexually transmitted diseases, also known as sexually transmitted infections and venereal disease, are infections that are normally caught and passed through sexual contact during sexual activities like vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse and oral sex, possibly in blood and various bodily fluids (Mayo Clinic, 2013, para. 1). There are many different types of this disease, with some being asymptomatic, having no noticeable symptoms of the infection, and some being life threatening like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that is considered as fatal (Rathus, Nevid & Fichner-Rathus, 2010, p. 391). According to Sulak (2004, p. 3), adolescents and young adults ranging from the ages of 10 to 19 have an increased chance of catching sexually transmitted diseases, and an even higher risk for those who are engaging in sexual intercourse. In the study of Martinez, Copen and Abma (2011, p. 3), they reveal that 25% of the sexually active adolescents between of the ages of 15 and 24 have acquired nearly half of the new sexually transmitted illnesses. Sulak (2004, p. 3) also found that 50-75% of young women who are...