The different art movements are created as a reflection of the type of response to the existing or older art movement. It does not necessarily mean scrapping the old to make way for the new. In art, the new movement always takes with it part of the past, but what makes it distinct is the new and fresh perspective that it brings to the table that wasn't present or appreciated before. If anything, the chronology of art movements is testament to the growth process of the world of art, proof of how the art has been evolving ever since. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism are two art movements that happened in succession, and the characteristics of and existence of Post Impressionism reflects how Post Impressionism is a reaction to the earlier Impressionism and how Post Impressionism, despite its efforts to introduce something new still retained many important characteristics found in Impressionism.
Impressionism happened during the nineteenth century particularly in France although there is also impressionist movement in other places although the number of artists involved does not match the number of artists involved in impressionism in France. The characteristics of impressionism include the use of short brush strokes (Perry, 1995) and the lack of effort to veil or hide or keep these brushstrokes from being noticeable as the audience looks at the painting. There is also a renewed attention and focus on the effect of light, particularly the natural ambient light which is why many Impressionist painters work outside the studio, the paintings featuring a subject that is often found outside or outdoors, from Claude Monet’s Woman with a Parasol to Alfred Sisley’s Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne. There is also a focus on the transience of the subject as well as the indication of motion and movement by the subject, may it be the natural movement of water as seen in Sisley's View of the Saint-Martin Canal, Paris and in Monet's The Cliff at Entreat after the Storm, or the movement of the human being like in Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette. .
The social conditions that contributed to the advent of impressionism and impressionist painting is centered on the discerning and overly traditional view of the ruling Academie des Beaux-Arts. Artists at the time has only one chance at prominence and that is through the approval of the Academie des Beaux-Arts of their works through the acceptance of such works in Academie des Beaux-Arts-sanctioned exhibitions like the Salon de Paris. Those who submit their works here are expected to follow the strict and traditional approach to painting, and many artists tried to adhere to such standards of Academie des Beaux-Arts because they knew that by being accepted and exhibited in Salon de Paris (and furthermore, by winning) promises a strong positive impact on the artist’s reputation.
This also meant the chance for projects for the artists. But a group of young...