Impressionism: The History And Its Artists

921 words - 4 pages

A widely known style of painting called Impressionism emerged into the art scene and carved its way into art history during the late nineteenth century. This art style was unlike its predecessors. In fact, it was so different, a lot of people rejected it and refused to call it “art.” Impressionist artists would paint something or someone in a scene as if they just caught a glimpse of it. These scenes would usually be outdoors. For example, an impressionist would possible paint a picture of a couple having a picnic outside in a park scene. Impressionist artists used bright, vibrant colors and painted their pieces without a lot of detail. Instead of taking colors and blending them together, impressionist artists took these bold colors and in a sense, spotted them on their easel. In this technique, these artists were able to show effects of light emerging through their paintings. The primary goal of impressionist artists were to capture the feeling of an overall scene instead of capturing feeling in specific parts of the painting (Shafa 2007.) In this research essay, I will elaborating on the Impressionism period, its rich history, and two very influential Impressionist artists of the time: Claude Monet and Edgar Degas.
The history of Impressionism began in Paris during the late nineteenth century, in the year 1874 to be specific (Frank, 339.) During this year, a group of artists had created a group and planned to create their own art exhibition after they had been rejected the right to show their art in the Salon the year before. Some of the artists that were in this group included Cezanne, Pissarro, Renoir, Degas, Monet, and Manet (Shafa 2007.) This group called themselves the “Societe Anonyme des Artistes, Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs.” During this time, Emperor Napoleon III was in control. When he had heard of the rejected works, he made into law that common folk should be allowed to view any types of work, not just critics (Shafa 2007.) Because of Napoleon’s law, the “Salon des Refuses” (Salon of the Refused) was created. Shortly after this, the rejected artists opened their own art exhibition that was completely untied from the official Salon, showcasing their work. Unlike the official Salon exhibitions where pieces of work were displayed all clumped together, these artists hung their pieces of art in a spacious manner. This made it so that people could come to one specific painting and just focus on that particular painting rather than clumping your eyesight with other pieces around it. When this unofficial art exhibition began, many people came. Some actually showed some sort of interest, others just came to get a good laugh.
This exhibition was the first of eight that spanned over a duration of twelve years. During one of these “Impressionist” exhibitions, an art critic by the name of...

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