This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Change In Japan Since Its Integration With The Rest Of The World After The 1868 Meiji Restoration. Define Which Aspects Have Been Retained, Invented, Or Abandoned, In The Process.

1904 words - 8 pages

The concept of Japaneseness describes the values which characterize the national Japanese identity and are perpetuated through the media and the government. These values include collectivity, harmony, homogeneity, conformity, insularity, national pride, and belief in a vertically structured society dominated by men. Many Japanese nationalists believe that these Japanese values are under threat from the outside influences that have infiltrated Japan since the Meiji Restoration, particularly following World War II. However, it is interesting to note that the concept of Japaneseness is continually reinventing itself and changing with the times (McVeigh, 2004).It may be argued that several aspects of Japaneseness have been preserved despite huge international influences on Japan's social, political and education systems, particularly during the US Occupation. Japanese values which appear to have been retained until today include the importance of group identification and belonging, harmony and conformity within groups, and most importantly, the inward-looking nature of such groups. These facets of Japaneseness are demonstrated by the structure of Japan's media system and the continued use of kisha clubs.The strict barriers of entry into kisha clubs and the exclusion of many foreign and freelance journalists from such clubs severely limits the objectivity and scope of opinions reported, and provides a reflection of the insularity of Japan's society, especially towards gaijin or outsiders (Freeman, 2000). Within each kisha club however, there are strong feelings of cohesiveness which I think provide a sense of identity for the members, and an overriding desire for harmony. Journalists in kisha clubs prefer not to compete for the same stories; rather they co-operate with each other and often collect information as a group (Freeman, 2000). These journalists also spend a large amount of time with the individuals they report on, eventually forming very close and intimate relationships with their news sources, which is likely to compromise the objectivity of their reporting (Freeman, 2000). However, this also demonstrates the Japanese values of harmony and loyalty within groups. LDP politicians have been criticized for attempting to keep kisha club journalists close, so that they remain loyal and would rather maintain a harmonious relationship with the politician instead of expressing a dissenting opinion. Japanese journalists have avoided reporting about corruption and scandals concerning LDP politicians, and have not written critically about organized crime (Freeman, 2000).Although Feldman found that almost 40 percent of voters supported various opposition parties, not a great deal of media attention has been given to these political parties (Freeman, 2000). This demonstrates the inability of Japanese society to accept or embrace diversity in opinions or dissenting views, which may be associated with a desire for overall harmony and homogeneity. The media...

Find Another Essay On Change in Japan since its integration with the rest of the world after the 1868 Meiji Restoration. Define which aspects have been retained, invented, or abandoned, in the process.

Since the introduction of Dex-cool in 1996, vehicle owners have been plagued with problems

343 words - 2 pages Problems with DexcalSince the introduction of Dex-cool in 1996, vehicle owners have been plagued with problems. The Intention of this project is to provide unbiased information about the use of Dex-cool and problems associated with Dex-cool, to those individuals that need it. The project document is intended for the use of General Motors to guide policy changes and recalls, if deemed necessary.The primary target audience of this project are high

TO WHAT EXTENT HAVE CIGARETTE ADVERTISEMENTS BEEN CHANGED AND DEVELOPED IN AMERICA SINCE THE 20TH CENTURY?

1015 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION Advertising is a form of communication between producers and consumers attained through marketing which persuades, encourages or manipulates the consumer to be drawn to a certain good or service in order to increase recognition and promote sales. In order to successfully promote a good or a service, sellers use advertising techniques that have had to be altered and improved over time as fashion, values and standards of living

TO WHAT EXTENT HAVE CIGARETTE ADVERTISEMENTS BEEN CHANGED AND DEVELOPED IN AMERICA SINCE THE 20TH CENTURY?

1154 words - 5 pages as the text is in a smaller font, which means the viewer would have to study the text in order to find out the information given. The wide use of punctuation is the first thing which stands out, and also creates a certain flow in the reading of the text, making the reader stop at each punctuation and exclamation point giving the information time to sink in. The diverse use of linguistic devises in the text also makes the advert more outstanding

What aspects of change are discussed in the texts you have studied this year?

2023 words - 8 pages that implores the reader to take a chance, to leave their comfort zone and take on the outside world. The italic word "maybe" shows the uncertainty and unpredictability of the consequences after the person had gone and opened the door. "A tree, or a wood, a garden, or a magic city", these images open our minds to change and start to make us think to ourselves about what is really out there in this "magic city" of ours. This subtle use of

Consider the Extent to which Psychological Theories have been Successful in Explaining Attatchments - Bowlby's Theory of Attachment

1050 words - 4 pages blocks for all of the infants' future relationships. It was believed that if an infant has a good bond with its caregiver then he/she would go on to develop strong and healthy relationships throughout his/hers life. However, if a poor bond was formed then it is likely that the infant would not be capable of developing strong relationships in his/her future. Bowlby at first asserted that there was a certain time by which an infant ought to have

Discuss three aspects of Western Society that have been ironically commented upon in the episode of The Simpson's, "Bart the Murderer"

1130 words - 5 pages seen as he authoritatively boasts another (weak) pair of sixes in a game of poker. With five aces each, the mobsters claim that they have again been beaten, blinding Homer behind his own arrogance. Fat Tony announces his glee that Homer has allowed Bart to continue working at the “social club”, and Homer offers his daughter Lisa should they “need a hat-check girl”. Irony is presented as Tony says “Homer, you’re a

Gustava Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" and Truth. An essay in which the line or the passage has been identyfied , explains its relationship to the work in which it is found, and analyze the rea

797 words - 3 pages mere mortal is still not good enough, and besides, she thinks her dream will never happen. Perhaps she should have learned that by now. But she still retains her fantasies, which is not a crime in itself. The problem is that her dreams are unattainable, impossible and futile.One of Flaubert's most profound assertions in the entire book is the line 'everything was a lie!' Although this sentiment may not be true, it certainly seems plausible and

"The Shift in Atomic Bomb Attitude" assignment: Why did attitudes change after the atomic bomb had been dropped?

2410 words - 10 pages press release on August 6 only sixteen hours after the atomic bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The document explained to the world and Americans alike, the technicality of the atomic bomb, the United States' position on the atomic bomb, and justified the validity of our use of the atomic bomb. He was sure to include details about the sheer, brute power of the bomb, which was unheard of in the present times. For an example of its

Explain the manner in which Irish people have been racialized in Britian and discuss the impact on people of Irish ethnicty living in that country

1685 words - 7 pages being endured to this day (Walter 1998); and its influence is still aiding and abetting the widening chasm of social stratification currently being experienced right across the western world (Punch et al. 2013). In a nut shell, racialization is the process of categorising different social and ethnic groups into a perceived and constructed hierarchy, internalized in and by the dominant group, with the purpose of exerting power over the inferior

With reference to Bertolt Brecht and John Osborne, discuss ways in which political viewpoints have been communicated to a theatre audience within the last century

1835 words - 7 pages The term 'political theatre' has been accepted as defining a left-wing theatre, critical of the capitalist system and expressing in its work the need for radical change. However, most theatre is political in a broad sense, as a playwright usually has a certain ideology that he wants to convey to the audience. In this essay, I will discuss the rise of political theatre, and will concentrate on the two playwrights Bertolt Brecht and John

Letter sent by Sir Toby to a friend in Shakespeare's 'Twelfth Night', after the trick has been played on Malvolio but before the effects have been seen

632 words - 3 pages tale of genius on the part of dear Maria.It came to us one evening after we had been rudely ticked off yet again by the aforementioned personage to deceive him with a letter, cleverly scripted as to seem written in Olivia's hand yet in fact scribed by none other than the talented Maria, telling of bounteous love for him, would he take it up and love Olivia too? Being already engrossed in his own fantasies about such a future he immediately took to

Similar Essays

The Meiji Restoration Of Japan Essay

2028 words - 8 pages can be useful to see whether Meiji restoration did actually strengthen Japan or not. For example, this book shows that incomes of farmers had decreased over time during Meiji Restoration due to the new tax system. However, there are some limitations in this source which are that the author of this book is biased since he is mostly providing evidence to show that Meiji Restoration had made the lives of Japanese citizens and the economy of Japan

Modernisation Of Japan During The Meiji Restoration

1415 words - 6 pages leadership, careful planning and execution of the Meiji Government and their vision of a greater, modern Japan, modernisation would not have been so total, possible or have been done at such great speed. As a result of Japan's modernisation, they now had the respect of the Western imperialist powers, became a world power, and had the power to imperialize and capitalize on other nations. By the time of Emperor Meiji's death and the conclusion of the Meiji Restoration Period in 1912, Japan had strengthened itself in a very short time through modernisation and war, to become a major industrialised nation, an imperialist power and a force to be reckoned with.

To What Extent Did The Changes Brought In By The Meiji Restoration (1868 1912) Constitute A Revolution

1913 words - 8 pages their social needs to speed Japan's national integration and capital accumulation, which did not prove a complete transformation for them.Of course, there are many aspects in the Meiji restoration that can be considered a complete change, one of which was the military structure. It is evident Japan's needs to enhance their military prowess was reflected by their military modernization and westernization. They altered the military structure to the

How Successful Was Japan In Establishing A New Style Of Economy, Government And Armed Forces In The Period Of The Meiji Emperor (1868 1912)?

2749 words - 11 pages assisted by advisers. The Emperor Mutsuhito was shifted from the ancient capital Kyoto to Edo which was now named Tokyo or Eastern capital.Emperor Mutsuhito was only 14 years old. He succeeded his father Emperor Komei in 1867. He was much needed to symbolize unity to the Japanese people. The radicals supporting him named him Meiji or enlightened ruler. Thus began the Meiji restoration in 1868.The Meiji emperor brought in many changes, his idea of