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In What Ways Did Black Americans Secure Improve Civil Rights During The Years 1945 63?

2654 words - 11 pages

During the years of 1945 to 1963 many black Americans began to gradually work their way into securing their equal rights in America. In order to achieve their aim they went through a lot and many risked their lives in the hands of the whites as they demonstrated against the public segregation imposed on all blacks on services such as the bus, toilets, restaurants etc. There were many factors that needed to be tackled in the minds of many blacks and they began to challenge the system to win their civil rights.After the second world war the position of blacks barely changed even though many of them were given a new status in the army and there were some integration. However, their rank in society was clearly that of second class. In 1948 President Truman, in an attempt to bring about a civil right plan for the blacks, introduced an anti-lynching bill and a ban on measures designed to stop poor people from voting. Taking this step of helping the blacks proved too much for Truman as he faced heated opposition from his own party and was forced to drop many of his plans. Even though there was little progress, the armed forces were at least desegregated and the government was told to employ a higher percentage of black Americans.The blacks sets about trying to do something about the education system of the country as many blacks were given less resources and poorer facilities than whites. This resulted in blacks having a less chance of getting a better job thus earning a meager wage to provide for their family. Hope was given to those blacks who wanted to change the education system when the supreme court issued two decisions made about the education in 1950 which stated that black American students could not be segregated within a school attended by whites and when comparing the education provided for black Americans and whites it was not enough just to look at buildings or books, the quality of teaching had to be considered. Black Americans were given a chance to take advantage of the decisions made as the Brown vs Topeka case proved to everyone.The NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, launched the case where they wanted Linda Brown, a 7 year old black American school girl, be able to go to a school a few blocks away than walking miles to a all black school. The NAACP argued that it was simple logic and sensible to send her to a school near her house as they took the case to the supreme court and challenged the 1896 decision that said segregation was legal as there was "equal provision". The supreme court delivered their verdict on 17th May 1954 and ruled that "In the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal has no place". Their verdict also issued that separate facilities were resulting in unequal education for blacks and so it was a must that white and black schools set up a education system whereby there was equal education and this was only to be achieved through integrated schools. For the black...

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