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In Mill’s Utilitarianism Essay

691 words - 3 pages

In Mill’s Utilitarianism, he described what he defines what is happiness and unhappiness by using the greatest happiness principle. The greatest happiness principle is where the action is justified if it promotes happiness and is wrong when they promote the opposite of happiness. Happiness occurs when there are elements of intending pleasure and having an absence of pain. Since the elements of happiness are things that are ends in themselves, and the only thing is good. Happiness having no higher means of life makes other occurrences or experiences wanted only to a certain extent because it produces pleasure. The actions are considered good if they produce a great amount of happiness, and bad when they diminish it. Diminishing the amount of happiness is considered unhappiness, which is when pain and privation of pleasure is.
The principle of utility recognizes that there are different kinds of pleasure; some being more desirable and having higher value than others. Quality and quantity estimation is considered when it comes to measure pleasure. When deciding out of two pleasures, if one or all of them have a preference without taking account on any feelings of moral obligation to which one to prefer to, it is the more desirable pleasure. And if one of the two pleasures, aware of both of them, is placed higher than the other one that they prefer the higher pleasure, even knowing that having it would have the greatest amount of dissatisfaction, and would not exchange it for any other amount of pleasure, making us believe that the chosen pleasure have higher quality, and which have a small account of a quantity. Measuring pleasure goes back to what makes the value of being happy, which is expected pleasure. Unhappiness is basically the opposite of happiness, when you choose the decision between two pleasures or when you intentionally cause pain, lowering the amount of happiness.
The source of obligation to promote happiness according to Mill believes that promoting happiness is morally a good thing, which is...

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