This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

In Order To Reach Nirvana In Buddhism, There Is No Self

1054 words - 5 pages

The Buddhist tradition argues that there is no ātman or self. They believe that concept of a self binds a person to the corporeal world and prevents them from reaching nirvāṇa. In the Buddhist tradition what people believe to be the self is really a collection of the five aggregates. These aggregates are the senses which we experience the world through and they give us a false sensation of individuality. If a person lets go of these aggregates they can achieve nirvāṇa and leave the cycle of rebirth. However, Buddhists do believe that something survives after death. This is reflected is the Buddhist belief that when someone dies they become reincarnated in one of the six realms based on their past karma. The soul however is not what is reincarnated; rather there is a stream of consciousness between one life to the next. The reincarnated being is neither completely the same nor totally different. The Buddha taught that a middle ground must be followed between eternalism and annihilationism.
Outside of the Buddhism the belief in an eternal self or a soul is a fairly common, this is called eternalism. Many religions including Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity believe in an eternal soul. This belief is in fact a central idea in their practitioners’ belief system. Without an eternal soul a Hindu cannot follow the cycle of birth, death and rebirth, a Christian cannot go to Heaven or Hell and a Muslim cannot go to Jannah or Jahhanam.
Another belief is that of annihilationism. The idea behind annihilationism is that upon death nothing survives. Both the body and the soul are destroyed and there is no form of rebirth or reincarnation. Annihilationism is a belief held by both materialists and some Christians. Materialists believe that nothing immaterial exists therefore upon death everything ceases to exist including consciousness or self. The Christian belief is that if not granted salvation by God the soul is sent to Hell upon reaching Hell the soul is destroyed permanently (Ragland ).
The Buddha taught that a middle ground between eternalism and annihilationism must be followed. The Buddhist sage Nagasena explained the Buddhist argument for anātman to the Indo-Greek King Milinda or Melander before converting him. Milinda asks Nagasena what his name is, he replies Nagasena is my name but Nagasena is just a sound, a concept not a person. By saying this Nagasena is saying that there is no self, but Milinda does not yet understand this. Milinda asks Nagasena are you your hair or the rest of your physical body, or perhaps the combination the physical with sensations and consciousness. Nagasena replies that none of this is him or his self. Milinda then exclaims that Nagasena must be lying since he claims there is no Nagasena yet in front him Nagasena stands. Nagasena asks King Milinda how he arrived at their meeting and Milinda tells him a chariot. So, Nagasena asks Milinda is your chariot the pole or the frame or wheels or a combination of these things....

Find Another Essay On In Order to Reach Nirvana in Buddhism, There Is No Self

The Significance of Self-Immolation in Buddhism

2807 words - 11 pages In the scope of Buddhism, and in religion in general, rituals are very important. When defining faith, the easiest ways to do so are to look at scriptures, material objects, and rituals. In Buddhism there is a wide variety of rituals practiced by a large group of people; however, I found interest in the lesser known, less popular rituals. One such ritual which grabbed my attention was self-immolation, specifically auto-cremation. Especially

Should there be limits to growth in order to prevent environmental degradation? Why or why not?

1885 words - 8 pages the Chinese government, the benefits of the policy in reducing population (400 million less) is remarkable and undeniable.ConclusionI believe that there should be limits to growth in order for our environment to recover from the exploitation it has suffered, and although there has been policies that did not work out as exacted, I have listed some examples and outlined the reasons for their failure and success.Bibliography1.Dyer, Gwynne, "China's

There is No Justification for the Terror in the U.S.S.R. in the 1930's

1838 words - 7 pages There is No Justification for the Terror in the U.S.S.R. in the 1930's I agree more with the statement ‘There can be no justification for the “terror” in the USSR in the 1930’s. It was motivated purely by Stalin’s lust for power.’ However, I can understand why one could say that terror was essential for the survival of the new

there is no title

1222 words - 5 pages music. Back in the 1990s, Americans decided that was way too difficult of a lifestyle and that we needed to move on. Ten years later, smaller and even more compacted versions of mp3 players came out where there were fewer buttons. The volume was controlled by the sliding of the buttons rather than being controlled by a completely different part of the device. The iPod’s popularity skyrocketed and later apple came out with the iPad which is

“According to legal positivism there is no scope for interpretation in judicial decision-making and the judge is strictly rule-bound.” Discuss critic

2692 words - 11 pages The importance of legal positivism for legal practitioners is undoubted. The legal system, originating from two version being both English and Continental-European, has indeed undergone a process of evolution. Today, the existence of a separate legal view in society with its legal norms and a strict separation of law and morality is witnessed. An autonomous order has emerged in our modern society and law is now seen to be separate and self

There is No God

783 words - 3 pages this merciful God for babies born addicted to crack cocaine, shivering and crying out in agony, suffering theunimaginable pain of withdrawal? Or for the innocent victims of horrible crimes, raped of their dignity in addition to their physical injuries? What possible transgression could a child have committed to deserve to be sexually molested and damaged for life? Certainly there is no mercy being doled out on this planet! In a world of reason and

In the lord of the flies, Golding wanted to show his readers that there is no such thing as innocence, even in the young

637 words - 3 pages In the lord of the flies, Golding wanted to show his readers that there is no such thing asinnocence, even in the young. Clearly in the text, the first evidence of conflict between Ralph and Jackmanifested itself in the argument they had who was going to keep the fire burning. Respecting orderand pursuing survival desires rather than pleasure was rejected by Jack. Humans follow their instinctswhen they have no technology or the pleasures of

There is no such thing as poverty in the UK today

1676 words - 7 pages individual or family that they are, in effect, excluded from ordinary living patterns, customs and activities” (1979). It is estimated that there was over two million children living in relative poverty during the period 2011-12 and this figure is rising rapidly as time elapses, according to Harrison (2013). The obvious difference between absolute and relative poverty is that absolute poverty is measured on the amount a person needs in order

Without Pain There is No Happiness in A Rumor of War by Phillip Caputo

829 words - 4 pages three of the four members are killed. The movie shows the pain that Lutrell is feeling and how he could push the physical and mental limitations to make it. In all works about war, the element of pain is essential. Without pain, there is no real happiness. The men described in these works all endured vast amounts of physical and emotional pain on their tours serving the country and the accurate representations of their time overseas wouldn’t be able to be complete without this element.

n the Spirit of Men There is no Blood: Idealists in Shakespeare

2027 words - 9 pages , you know, his means, If he improve them, may well stretch so far As to annoy us all; which to prevent, Let Antony and Caesar fall together. BRUTUS. Our course will seem too bloody, Caius Cassius, To cut the head off and then hack the limbs, Like wrath in death and envy afterwards, For Antony is but a limb of Caesar. Let us be sacrificers but not butchers, Caius. We all stand up against the spirit of Caesar, And in the spirit of men there is no

Is There Political Will in Egypt to Promote Gender Equality?

1941 words - 8 pages takes her dignity and self worth away. The worst part is that because of how often Egyptian women are subject to acts of violence, it is no longer even considered the serious issue that it actually is. Female genital mutilation is one of the most horrific aspects that affect gender inequality. The amount of innocent girls that fall victims in the criminal hands of barbaric parents that will cut off a part of the child's body simply because its a

Similar Essays

Buddhism & No Self (Including The Role Of Atman)

1947 words - 8 pages Eastern enlightenment religions have been gaining popularity throughout the western world for the past few decades, with many people attracted to a “different” way of experiencing religion. As with many other enlightenment religions, Buddhism requires disciples to understand concepts that are not readily explainable: one such concept is that of no-self. In this essay I shall discuss the no-self from a number of modern perspectives; however, as

There Is No I In Team

2168 words - 9 pages , “We’re trying to push the boundaries of the workplace…” (Stewart). There are a multitude of different people who work at the core of Google corporation, all bonded by their job and their work environment. Google’s focus is, “to create the happiest, most productive workplace in the world,” according to Dr. Newman. One instance in how they do this is allow their employees the freedom to create their own desks and work place. This allows people to

"There Is Something Rotten In The State Of Denmark" To What Extent Is Hamlet, Prince Of Denmark, Responsible For Restoring Order In Denmark?

2131 words - 9 pages self and in this, he trusts Horatio completely. Through Horatio the audience hears the real Prince of Denmark ordering both Horatio and Marcellus to 'swear' on oath six times, symbolising the loss of trust within the state. Such is the anxiety caused by the loss of the old feudal order, gone with the death of the old king.Hamlet lives with a sense of inherited right, perhaps divine right, to avenge his father and restore order in Denmark and learns

There Is No Alternative To War

1018 words - 4 pages There is No Alternative to War There is an average of twenty ongoing wars in the world at any given time. Some are internal civil wars, others are between nations. But the purpose of this thesis is not to report warfare, but the act of it. This includes the evolution of conventional and nuclear warfare, the potential effect of a nuclear war and why it is necessary for nations to fight war. This analysis will be based on a study of Gwyn