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In The Context Of Crime, What Are The Purposes Of Punishment And Does It Work?

1415 words - 6 pages

This essay is concerned with looking at the reasons behind punishment in the context of crime, what are the purposes of the punishment and does it have a positive effect on crime levels in society. Crime could be defined as a 'non-conformity' to a set of rules, which are accepted by the majority of people within a society. Here is a dictionary definition of crime below:Crime1.An act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for which punishment is imposed upon conviction.2.Unlawful activity: statistics relating to violent crime.3.A serious offence, especially one in violation of morality.4.An unjust, senseless, or disgraceful act or condition: It's a crime to squander our country's natural resources.Crime is the bane of every society and different methods of prevention are used within different societies, rehabilitation, prison sentences, community service, counselling, capital punishment etc. below is a dictionary definition of punishment:PunishmentThe act or an instance of punishing.a.The condition of being punished.1.A penalty imposed for wrongdoing: "The severity of the punishment must... be in keeping with the kind of obligation which has been violated" (Simone Weil).2.Rough handling; mistreatment: These old skis have taken a lot of punishment over the years.Not all methods of crime prevention have been proved to be successful, for example some people argue that the prison system creates a breed of super criminals because a person goes to prison for example, drug dealing, within prison he will associate with many other drug dealers and learn how to be a more efficient drug dealer, when released from prison he may then go back to his life of crime as a hardened professional criminal. The idea of capital punishment is flawed and many criticise it for many reasons, eg. Is it ever right for anyone to take a life, what if the person is innocent etc. Several theorists have studied crime and its effects on society and have come up with some now very well known and widely used theories in trying to explain crime. Below is a map of some of the different theories that are used today:This map shows some of the ideas behind crime and some of the theorists that came up with them, along with these ideas are the biological theories of crime, e.g.*Physical Type Theories.*Body Build and Crime, It Runs in the Family: Crime and Heredity,*Faulty Chromosomes.*Hormonal Imbalance and Crime: "My Hormones Made Me Do it."* Crime and the Brain. Diet and Crime: You Are What You Eat?Along with biological there are psychological and sociological theories from crime, some of these are shown on the map above. Some of the more widely used theories are shown below:Psychoanalytic TheoryAccording to Sigmund Freud all humans have natural urges repressed in their unconscious. Furthermore, all humans have criminal tendencies. Through the process of socialisation, however, these tendencies are curbed by the development of inner controls that are...

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