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In The Name Of God Essay

1090 words - 5 pages

It is hard to believe that even the Spaniards imagined that one journey in 1492 will change theirs and world’s history so dramatically. The moment that Spanish foot stepped on American soil started years of prosperity and glory for the Spanish empire but at the cost of the destruction of American societies. The encounter with the new world was controversial historical moment that created one united history instead of two world histories. The discovery led many Spaniards to the new world with the intention of settling the lands but eventually this was the start of devastating of cultures, human populations and traditions. Using power and coercion they spread fear and destruction in the aim of gaining wealth, social precedence and Christian conversion. The justification for the massacres of the indigenous people in the name of religion was no more than greed to gold, fame and status. The actions of those who claimed to be “the most humane and excellent nation” was no more than cruel actions made by savages that had no moral sense.
There was and still is a conflict about if the Spaniards brought Modernity to the “New World “or they brought only destruction upon the indigenous people. Since the fifteenth century and still presently, it is considered controversial issue. This controversy started by one man who was one of the most vocal opponents of the Spaniards due to his criticism of the Spaniards actions. Bartolome De Las Casas was a brave man who stood against the actions of the Spanish Empire in a time that doing so is not taken for granted. His focus on equality and indigenous rights was decades before the world started to see those as basic right to each man and woman. Las casas claimed that the indigenous people are fully human and that it is not moral to enslave them. His writing about this ideology was named “Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies”.

In his Brief account, Las Casas discusses the detrimental impact that the arrival of the Europeans had on the West Indies. He gives a description of the indigenous people that is conversed to how they were described before. He tells about “the most humble, patient, and peaceable” people he saw in his life. People that are so eager to know the more that if they will brought to know the one true god they would be the most fortune people in the world. His Descriptions of the indigenous was the absolute contrary to the “Barbarous, uncultivated and inhumane” descriptions of the indigenous by previous Spaniards. He also describes the horrors the Spaniards did in the new world. His main example is the island Hispaniola. He observes how the Spaniards started their first ravages and oppressions in the island. The Spaniards killed, tortured, and destroyed the native people with the most varied methods of cruelty. He tells how they dealt with the chieftains that rebelled – they hanged them when their feet almost touched the ground in groups of thirteen (as Jesus and his apostles) and set...

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