Within this essay I will analyze how Radio and Television Broadcasting differs in approach within the UK and US. This essay will explain how the UK use Radio and Television Broadcasting as a Public Service opposed the US who dominate these services as a Private enterprise and will then determine which approach is better and why.
Radio was invented in 1896 as a form of wireless telegraphy, which transmits the Morse code without the need for fixed stations and cables; this system was initially used at sea. Radio in the UK and US took a Eurocentric approach, which was the view from the west.
RADIO IN THE UK.
In the UK, Radio was initially seen as another form of the telegraph or telephone, which was regulated by the Post Office, which was used to supply information to the public. In 1922 the British Broadcasting Company (BBCo LTD) was founded in the form of a consortium of radio manufacturers. This appears as a regulatory body within radio to prevent chaos similar to the ‘Opening of Savoy Hill Broadcast’. At this point in history Radio appeared to be a limited public resource, which meant that only particular demographics would get messages and reports aired through radio. The following year in 1923 a ‘Sykes Committee’ was formed which suggested a license fee for advertising which then allowed particular products to thrive as they would pay a fee to have their advert aired on Radio, raising awareness for the product which eventually would increase profit, especially as radio was a commodity for the wealthy in that era. This then led to the Government deciding that all radio stations should merge frequencies eliminating competition. From that point onwards all radio stations fell under the BBCo Ltd).
In 1925 the ‘Crawford Committee” recommended public ownership as they state, “The service was felt to have outgrown the petty limits of Business enterprise.” (Curran.J, 2009) This then led to Radio being a Public Service.
RADIO IN THE USA.
In 1910, Radio Stations became predominant in the states New York and Philadelphia. Many radio hobbyist, those who put together and transmitted stations as a hobby, were able to transmit several stations.
During World War One, radio became an important tool and development of the war which was used on both land and sea, from this the electronics industry developed. Germans in 1915 used Radio as propaganda in Morse code to neutral countries. Radio Propaganda was also used in 1917 in the Russian Revolution.
In 1920 David Sarnoff developed the idea of radio as a music box or household utility. Also within this same year Radio had its first ‘scheduled’ entertainment show and the first commercial station was established. In 1922 the fist toll station was set up with a charge fee to transmit adverts. Consistent
Radio also had a Golden Age, which started from the 1960’s and further into the 1960’s. Within this time frame multiple radio channels were established giving a wide variety for the...