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In Vitro Fertilization Essay

1882 words - 8 pages

Introduction:
“In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and most effective type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to help women become pregnant” (Medical News Today). In Vitro Fertilization is a process where an egg is fertilized by a sperm outside the body, in the laboratory. Immediately after the embryo is produced, it is then positioned in the uterus. The process has 5 steps and takes about 4-6 weeks. The first step in the process is the ovarian stimulation. This step involves drugs. The hormone that’s taken over 8-14 days, fuels and stimulates the ovaries to produce more than one egg each cycle (The In Vitro Process). IVF requires several eggs because there is a chance that some eggs might not develop fine after fertilization. After that, the doctor will use ultrasound or he will test the blood in order to decide when it is necessary for him to take out the eggs. The ultrasound test is a painless scan that uses sound waves to come up with images of organs in the body. The ultrasound test looks like this:

The second step is the egg retrieval: once the eggs are ready for retrieval, the doctor does a transvaginal ultrasound aspiration. This is a simple operation that uses a small amount of anesthesia to locate the eggs. When the doctor locates the eggs, he inserts a needle to get them out. Step number 3 is Insemination: after retrieval, doctors inspect the eggs and decide which egg is the most conceivable for a successful pregnancy. Then he places the eggs in a laboratory, while they retrieve the father’s sperm. The sperm is then added to the eggs in an incubator. An incubator is a device that preserves eggs and keeps them warm. After that is the Fertilization and embryo culture. Usually in a matter of hours, a sperm cell enters an egg and fertilizes it. The next day, the doctors can approve of fertilization as soon as they see two pronuclei. These pronuclei are the origin of the formation of the embryo; they bond together to create the nucleus of the zygote, which eventually splits into an embryo. Generally speaking, after 2 days of the process, a two- to four cell embryo appears. Subsequently a six to- 10-cell embryo is seen on the third day (The In Vitro Process). Five days into the process of fertilization, the embryo is called a blastocyst, this means the embryo formed unsolidified cavity that eventually results in the creation of fetal tissues and placenta. Placenta is a circular organ in the uterus of a pregnant woman, which connects the fetus through the umbilical cord. Finally, there is the embryo transfer. About 2-3 days after fertilization, the embryo created is moved into the woman’s uterus. To do that, the doctors suspend them using a drop of liquid and locating it into a catheter, which is a long, thin and bendable tube that has a needle on one end (The In Vitro Process). Afterwards, they control the catheter into the uterus. When the embryo attaches to the uterine wall, a positive pregnancy is guaranteed.. The...

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