Rheanna C. Robinson
Honors Biology/ Period 7
16 May, 2014
In Vitro Fertilization and Infertility
“In Vitro Fertilization or artificial fertilization is the fertilization of an ovum by sperm outside the body when normal conception is not achievement because of a woman’s low fertility” (http://www.medterhttp://history1900s.about.com/od/medicaladvancesissues/a/testtubebaby.htmms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7298). In virto is a Latin word that means, in the glass. This is very meaningful because, the laboratory dish used to create the offspring is glass. In Virto Fertilization and Infertility are going to be discussed throughout this paper.
The process for in vitro fertilization involves stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop over time. There are 5 steps in this process stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory, culturing the embryo, and embryo transfer to the uterus (A.D.A.M Board, 2012). In the stimulation process both partners perform screening test. Before injection, the female should have a testing of “ovarian reserve”. The medication is given to help ripen the eggs to start a process called ovulation. The injections that women receive in her hormones help her produce many eggs. The male can also take medications to produce more sperm. The number of eggs received correlates with IVF success rates. In the egg retrieval process females receive blood and ultrasound testing is completed every 1-3 days to check the development of the follicles in the ovaries. In this process the women has minor surgery. This surgery is called follicular aspiration. Follicular aspiration occurs to remove the eggs from the women’s body. The doctor inserts a small needle through the vagina. The needle goes to the ovary or the sac. The ovary holds the eggs. A suction device connected to the needle sucks eggs and fluid out each follicle. Most patients are given pain medication. Once the sperm and eggs are together they are placed in an environmentally controlled chamber. Usually the sperm enters the egg within a few hours. It the fertile is low the doctor injections the sperm into the egg. This is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Once the egg divides it becomes an embryo. All embryos are cultured in the IVF laboratory for at least 2-6 days. Once the embryo transfer procedure is complete which puts the embryos in the female’s uterus. The embryos will implant and develop to result in a live birth. The process of in virto fertilization has a preparatory stage where medication is used to prepare you for the other processes. In some cases birth control can be prescribed. The next step focuses on getting rid of hindrances that can get in the way of In Vitro Fertilization treatment like ovarian cysts. During this stage many tests will be given like the ultrasound sessions and blood tests. Last but not least other medications can be prescribed. In virto fertilization is the development of an offspring outside of...