This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

In What Ways Has The Welfare State Changed Since Its Creation In The 1940s?

1678 words - 7 pages

Untitled

In what ways has the welfare state changed since its creation in the 1940s?

This essay explores ways in which the welfare state has changed since its creation in the 1940s. It begins by establishing the ideas and ideologies that surrounded its creation, including the influence of social democratic ideals and further assesses the ways in which its functions and purposes have changed from the 1940s to present day. The essay contrasts these changes in the provision of state welfare by dividing the timescale into the two significant transformations of the periods between the 1940's - 1980s and from the 1980s to present, including how liberalism influenced the changes that occurred during the second transformation. This essay will explore what changed, how it changed and why it changed.

In the period between the First and Second World Wars Britain was characterised by insecurities, conflicts and disorder. Economic depression had created mass unemployment, poverty and a reduction in benefits to the masses. What resulted were strikes, demonstrations and general unrest among the working classes. The state used coercive powers to keep order and a market ideology was used to justify insecurity and inequality. There were criticisms of the legacies of the Poor Law, the indignities of means-tested payments and a fear among the old and impoverished of perhaps ending their life in the workhouse.

It was not until after the Second World War that the British welfare state took on a more mature form. In a climate of relief after the war, one that was diffused with idealism for a new, more just society, welfare provision and legislation had bipartisan support and there existed a clear sense of rebuilding a better Britain. The Labour governments landslide victory in 1945 was very much about creating a new deal for the `boys back from the front', giving them a sense that their country had been worth fighting for and would support and care for them in peacetime by offering them and their families the opportunities for jobs, homes, education, health and a standard of living of which they could be proud. New forms of ordering emerged based on job security, Keynesian economic policies and improved welfare rights.

The architect of much of this reform was William Beveridge. In his report, Beveridge set out a plan to end what he called the `five giants' - poverty, disease, ignorance, squalor and unemployment. His report advocated the welfare state as a means of reducing inequality and providing security and well-being for its citizens `from cradle to grave'.

The welfare state established an extensive programme of welfare provision and increased security in the years following the Second World War and a `Golden Age' appeared based on rising welfare expenditure and a reduction in levels of poverty during this time. These changes in welfare and security were directly associated with the political ideology of Social Democracy, the...

Find Another Essay On In what ways has the Welfare State changed since its creation in the 1940s?

How has the judicial role changed in British politics since 1945?

2079 words - 9 pages In more recent times, it has been argued that the role of the judiciary in the UK has changed in that judges have become more politicised in their decision making. (Bowcott, 2011) It is argued that the judiciary is now more active and more political than ever before in history. Ordinarily, of the three branches of government, the judiciary is a subordinate one, it is bound by ‘parliamentary sovereignty’ and is detached from political process as

TRANSFORMATION REQUIRES THE ORIGINAL TEXT TO BE CHANGED. IN WHAT WAYS HAS EMMA BEEN CHANGED INTO CLUELESS? TO WHAT EXTENT WAS THIS UNAVOIDABLE?

1222 words - 5 pages . In Emma, Austen provides the reader with very lengthy descriptions. What may take Austen pages to describe is presented by Heckerling in Clueless in a mere shot. This is very evident in the texts. In Clueless Cher (Alica Silverstone) simply has to do a voice over with the words "Isn't my house classic?" whilst the viewer looks at her placial mansion to give the viewer an exact image of the house in which Cher lives. In Emma Austen devotes

Jobless in Paradise Hawaii's economy has changed drastically since statehood

1124 words - 4 pages Jobless in ParadiseHawaii's economy has changed drastically since statehood. In 1958, defense, sugar, and pineapple were the primary economic activities, accounting for 40% of Gross State Product (GSP). In contrast, visitor-related expenditures stood at just over 4% of Hawaii's GSP prior to statehood. Today the positions are reversed; sugar and pineapple constitute about 1% of GSP, defense accounts for just under 11%, while visitor-related

The Welfare State and its Persistence

2462 words - 10 pages social layout of welfare states has placed a strain on the extent, nature and existence of welfare and social-economic redistribution. Welfare states are being challenged and in some ways downsized. However, due to popularity, current condition, and overwhelming necessity, there is not a likely, foreseeable end to the existence of the welfare state. This paper will explore and expand upon some specific challenges to the welfare state. These

Has America Really Changed Since the Civil Rights Movement?

1060 words - 5 pages For as long as I could remember, African Americans have succumbed to some of the cruelest treatment seen in America’s history. This mistreatment has taken on many forms particularly in respect to social and racial discrimination. Examples of prior struggles for equality of African Americans in America may include: the pursuit of their freedom and equal treatment that was attributed by slavery, attaining voting rights, and being able to secure a

Has the welfare state created a dependency culture

1779 words - 7 pages This essay about has the welfare state created a welfare dependency culture is going to look at single parents who are trying to go back to work, job seekers allowance, one of new labours Christians, Frank Field, Bill Jordan and Marsland. Firstly In order to answer this question the essay will look at what is meant by the words welfare dependency. Welfare dependency is a situation where people on welfare, such as those receiving unemployment

How has the ownership of the policing function changed since 1829? Discuss this statement illustrating changes in private and public policing

1397 words - 6 pages Police, which was set up in 1839, remains an independent force to this day.The main objective of the first police force was to work with the cooperation of the public to ensure law and order, and its success stemmed from the deliberately civil and courteous manner in which the police constables were instructed to address the public. This basic premise has not changed, and the modern police force exists to protect the public and keep the peace

Information Privacy and whether it has changed since the World Wide Web

657 words - 3 pages Information Privacy and whether it has changed since the World Wide Web Information privacy is related to personal data that is usually stored on computers and online servers (Litman, 2000). However, the information that internet users share online is not private as companies use this information or sell it to the other companies and governments who are interested in the information (Litman, 2000). Before the introduction of the internet and

Why Globalization Manufacturing Since The 1980's Has Changed Labor Relations

951 words - 4 pages What effect has globalization impacted upon labor and employment, regarding towards unions since 1980's? "The increasing integration of world's economies, including the movement to free trade", is called Globalization and with this statement we can understand, the more intermingling with economies, the more globalization exists and grows (Mankiw; krugman, 2007, p.193). Because of the spike in globalization, and the dependency of international

Ways Technology has Changed Sports

1430 words - 6 pages insight to how technology is effective in athletic training. There is information in the various areas of how technology has impacted the different components in Sports. The author discusses the advantages and what technology has done to improve training, equipment, shoes, clothing and other areas. Grotticelli, Michael. http://broadcastengineering.com/news/latest-technology-helps-sports-venues-keep-fans-seats. 22 December 2010.

How security has changed since 9/11

1127 words - 5 pages Airport Security Has Changed since 9/11. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. "Are We Safer in the Air Since 9/11?" FareCompare. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. "Lessons Learnt." What Israel's Experience of Dealing with Terrorism Can Teach the Western World? N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. "Lessons Learnt." What Israel's Experience of Dealing with Terrorism Can Teach the Western World? N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. Hanrahan, Mark. "National Security: Ten

Similar Essays

Discuss Some Of The Factors Which Led To The Emergence Of The Modern Welfare State In The 1940s:

2026 words - 9 pages , to the foreword of the welfare state. The war attempt had highlighted the regulator of a cooperative move towards in reacted to widespread problems, and this observation was transported forward into the passing of a number of important pieces of legislation that fundamentally created the welfare state. (Hothersall, 28 Dec 2012) Following, in 1941, Britain was needed to rebuild so the government were seeking into the ways that Britain should be

How Successful Has The Welfare State Been In Delivering Equality?

2288 words - 9 pages were put forward to facilitate the creation of more grammar schools in order to create greater freedom of choice and to enhance the equality factor present in society. However, this equality factor must be looked at more precisely in order to gain a more complete picture of how successful the welfare state has been in delivering equality. Divergence is required into other areas of the welfare state with the health service playing a major role in

To What Extent Has The Conservative’s Party Changed Since The Electio Of David Cameron As Its Leader?

2151 words - 9 pages coalition government between David Cameron and Nick Clegg has definitely made an impact in history because there has been no coalition since 1945. Even though many compromises have been made, the parties are still getting along well. In conclusion, before David Cameron came into power, the Conservatives were in the right side of politics were Thatcher left them. He brought the party closer to the centre. He changed people’s perception about the

In What Ways Has Channel 4 Altered The Landscape Of British Television Broadcasting For Its Competitors?

2180 words - 9 pages set a 25 per cent independent production target for ITV and the BBC, which became a legal obligation in the 1990 Broadcasting Act. This move changed the landscape of British broadcasting immensely, and gave rise to what Marmaduke Hussey has described as 'the third era of broadcasting'. Of course, the Act also recast Channel 4 as a public corporation, self-sufficient on its own advertising. This removed the 'safety umbrella' provided by it