Quotes in Essay Writing
1. It is imperative you include quotes to support statements. Often it is most effective to incorporate quotes into the flow of your discussion. Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: Read without a break, quotes MUST have quotation marks
Jason continues to wrongfully attribute Medea’s murder to a “spirit of vengeance” at the play’s end, rather than taking any personal responsibility for his part in the tragedy.
Euripides accentuates the consequences of Medea’s excessive pathos, not only regarding her revenge but her initial betrayal, which despite her triumph, ultimately leaves her a “wretched” and “accursed woman”. Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: Emotion
2. Where the exact quote does not fit your sentence very well, you may wish to leave out parts of it in order to emphasise others, or to alter it for greater clarity. Whenever you leave out one or more words in a quote, you should mark the space with an ellipsis (or three dots…), for example:
The original quote:
“…but the malady that plagues mankind more than any other: shamelessness.” Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: Pride, arrogance, egoism, lack of personal responsibility
The amended quote:
A strict set of ideals allows no room for adjustment, leading Athens to the self-glorification of its practices. Consequently, Euripides implies that much like Jason and Medea, Athens is “plagued” by the “malady…[of] shamelessness,” preventing it from admitting its culpability. Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: If I make any changes to the quote, insert … or [ ]
3. Another method to MODIFY quotes to fit your essay is by changing pronouns and tense (ie: from present to past) or from singular to plural. You should indicate the alteration by enclosing the new word in square brackets, for example: Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: To make the sentence make sense
Euripides exposes Creon’s fatal flaw in his egotistical belief that Medea could “hardly achieve in one day what [he] fear[s].” Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: “I fear”
Medea’s fear of “becoming a laughing stock” to her enemies makes her incapable of “weak[ening] [her] hand”, fully conscious of the consequences that will follow Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: “weaken my hand”
Jason becomes a “breaker of oaths” to improve his own “famous name”, “security” and status with no recognition of the fact that he has “act[ed] wrongly” Comment by Zanelle Mogaka: “act wrongly”
While betraying her role as a nurturer would be an already abominable act to a male audience, their disgust for her is compounded by her striking awareness of how “terrible a crime [she] is about to commit,”
* Remember a Pronoun may be used in place of a noun.
Eg. The name Jason is a proper noun and can be replaced with: he/his/him
You can also replace a pronoun with the proper noun, for example:
It is evident that “passion is master of [Medea’s] reason” and she acknowledges that this causes the “greatest suffering in the world”....