Increasing Number Of Vaccine Refusals: Are We Going Back In History?

1161 words - 5 pages

Vaccination is one the greatest achievements of public health which led to a marked decline in the rate of infectious diseases in the 19th century. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1999) However, currently a growing number of parents are in doubt regarding the safety of vaccines and the necessity to follow the recommended vaccination schedule for their children, resulting in many parents following an alternative schedule of vaccination or complete refusal of vaccination. (Dempsey et al., 2011)
According to a study conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011, 13% of parents followed an alternative vaccination schedule, 22% of those who followed the approved schedule had doubts about it and 17% refused all vaccines completely. This increasing trend has become a growing cause of concern for the physicians and public health workers today.
Some of the common reasons cited by parents for not vaccinating children include:
• Autism and autoimmune disorders linked to vaccines
• Toxins present in the vaccines causing harm to children
• Vaccinating children for multiple diseases, especially for diseases which are not prevalent today.
One of the important reasons why parents are concerned about the safety of these vaccines is due to the 1998 theory proposed by British gastroenterologist David Wakefield linking autism to the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. Though the Institute of Medicine has already conducted safety review panels since 2001 and rejected any such correlation, parents continue to fear about their children suffering from autism or immune dysfunction due to vaccinations. (American Journal of Public Health, 2008)
Parents are also concerned about the presence of toxins in the vaccines that could harm their children. One such substance is thimerosal, a mercury containing preservative that was previously used in many recommended childhood vaccines. (Baker, J.P, 2008) However, a joint statement released by the American Association of Pediatrics and Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention on July 9th, 1999 stressing on the need to remove thimerosal-containing vaccines, eliminated or reduced the amount of thimerosal in vaccines to traces. (Baker, J.P., 2008)
The increasing rates of vaccine refusals compel us to take an account of the history of immunization laws in the US. The US government has always been supportive of the implementation of immunization policies. The first immunization law was passed in the US in Massachusetts in 1809 which mandated all citizens to receive the small pox vaccine. (Jackson, C.L, 1969) The 1905 landmark case of Jacobson vs Massachusetts laid the foundation for the public health laws wherein the US Supreme Court accepted the rights of states to enforce compulsory vaccination laws. (Colgrove J, Bayer R, 2005) Consequently, various other laws requiring compulsory immunization were laid, important among which were those requiring compulsory immunization for entering schools. Thus, by 1980s,...

Find Another Essay On Increasing Number of Vaccine Refusals: Are we going back in History?

If inequality is increasing, are we likely to see more armed conflict?

2540 words - 10 pages education which relegates him and his parents to a position of perpetual subordination’ (SAHO d, no date). The Soweto uprising itself consisted of a 20,000 man-strong protest march ending in the killings of 176 and thousands of injured. The exhibited government violence shook white confidence and increasing numbers questioned the viability of apartheid (Beinart, 2001:243). Moreover, there was an unwavering belief amongst the young generations of blacks

If inequality is increasing, are we likely to see more armed conflict?

1596 words - 6 pages black intellectual elites (Beinart, 2001:160) - arguably that part of black society that could have become a significant ‘political entrepreneur’ (see Tilly, 2003). How political actors engaged with this base condition of inequality will be outlined below, starting in the 1950s. In the 1952 Defiance Campaign, Africans, Indians and a small number of whites united under the common leadership of the ANC. The campaign demanded the repeal of various

"The Effects of Entertainment on the Taste of Humanity or Where are we going?" - Neal Gabler's 2003 AP Free Respoonse Question

561 words - 2 pages the nation; this just goes to show the true power and influence that is held by most persons of fame. Keeping in mind the nature of the behavior of some of these stars, is this really a good thing? I understand that many pin-ups may be positive role models for society, but these individuals are greatly outnumbered by the reckless and sometimes downright uncontrollable young stars.Therefore, as entertainment remains progressively deviant in order

Increasing the Number of Technical and Vocational Schools in Accra

930 words - 4 pages that can fill these vacancies so these companies end up hiring foreign expatriates who at the long run repatriate their income back to their home countries. Those who are fortunate enough to have some knowledge in these industries have little or no experience since our vocational and technical schools are not well equipped for practicals. Not having enough technical and vocational schools has done Us as a people more harm than good. A lot of

The Increasing Number of Drugs and Crime

773 words - 4 pages analyst is questioned. “Regardless of the standard of review, most decisions by trial courts will withstand scrutiny.” (National Research Council (U.S.), 2009) This is because the actual tests done on the drugs are not what is in question just the way the analyst has presented the material is question. Many of the other topics in the NAS report are covered in the SWGDRUG guidelines. From the looks of the report it basically refers back to the

The increasing number of accidents in transportation is caused by lack awareness of self-discipline and half-hearted punishment

652 words - 3 pages The Transportation is the most important thing by people. It can support the development of economic as well. There are some developments of user of transportation from road,railway,ocean, and air in every year. It brings the impact for economic development to be better.However, We still don’t get safety in transportation. As We know that if we watch on television, there are some accidents of transportation.The goverment has made the

History of the Perfect Number

865 words - 4 pages three. Other perfect numbers are twenty-eight, 128, and 496. In the paragraphs below I will talk about the history of the perfect number and Euclid’s theorem and the founder of the perfect number. The first four perfect numbers were known to the ancients Greeks over 2,000 years ago. Some cultures back then gave mystic interpretations to the numbers and thought they were “magic.” The first four perfect numbers were six, twenty- eight, 496, and 8,128

We Are Killing our History

1342 words - 6 pages losing day by day. Culture is very difficult to continue by generation and we can know the history by knowing the culture of the country. Everyone has responsibility to protect and develop their own culture but not give up them in order to get into a new environment. To be more specific, some people think that ethnic identity and linguistic identity are intertwined. In other words, language is a part of culture, and some people thought the

The History of the Number Zero

1241 words - 5 pages number lower than one. It is considered an item that is empty. There are two common uses of zero: 1. an empty place indicator in a number system, 2. the number itself, zero. Zero exist everywhere; although it took many civilizations to establish it. In the Roman civilization there was no symbol for zero. Romans used the word “nulla” for an empty space. The word nulla meant “nothing”; what our common day zero means. Romans had a very

Going Home Again was a creative writing assignment about going back in time while staying still

1035 words - 4 pages Going Home AgainDriving past the large rectangular sign proclaiming Welcome to Shea Town, Home of the Wolverines, Population 9,325, my heart-inured to most everything-bumped in my chest. I began to sweat, despite the early-November chill that penetrated my shirt and sweater I was wearing. I could not believe how many different emotions where going through me. Going home again after 15 years was not going to be as easy as I had thought. In just

What Factors Are Involved in the Increasing Prevalence of Type II Diabetes in Adolescents living in Sub-Saharan Africa?

1706 words - 7 pages approximately 90% of all types of diabetes (Pal et al, 2013). Type 2 diabetes is usually considered as a disease of the old; because it usually occurs in individuals above 40 years of age. However, research has shown an increasing prevalence in the young worldwide. As a result of this, it is important to evaluate the number of young people in Sub-Saharan Africa who are living with type II diabetes. In addition to this, several factors that predispose

Similar Essays

In A World Of Increasing Globalization, And Individualization, We Are More Concerned With Our Own Lives, Choices, Destiny Than With The Lives, Choices, Destiny Of Others

2175 words - 9 pages : in a world of increasing globalization, and individualization, we are more concerned with our own lives, choices, destiny than with the lives, choices, destiny of others.ANTHONY GIDDEN: Globalization is the way of the future. It will connect everyone with everything. No longer will there be divides within our society. Cultures will be bridge. Globalization is the natural result of human expansion. It will bring us all together. It is the key to

Gauguin Where Do We Come From What Are We Where Are We Going

2274 words - 9 pages that transcended the particular place in which they were made. This style change was demonstrated by six major horizontal paintings, which represent some of the greatest paintings of Gauguins’ career. These paintings became the groundwork for Gauguins’ self-acclaimed masterpiece, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?. After leaving France for Tahiti, Gauguins’ style changed over the numerous trips he made back and forth

Paul Gauguin Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?

1453 words - 6 pages Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Paul Gauguin is known for being one of the world's greatest painters, although he was not much appreciated at his time. His work seems to tell stories of his life. In his series of painting done in Tahiti, we can see the many wonders that Gauguin himself explored. Today Gauguin's painting run for millions. For example; Paul Gauguin's Maternite (II) done in 1899 was sold for $39.2 million

If Inequality Is Increasing, Are We Likely To See More Armed Conflict?

2353 words - 10 pages The question assumes that there is a linear relationship between inequality and armed conflict; the rise of the former inevitably leads to the increase of the latter. However, in the absence of functioning communism or utopian egalitarianism, we need to concede that our world is full of inequalities, but not all parts of the world are equally ridden by conflict. Moreover, large N-studies of civil war, conducted over the past few years, all seem