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Increasing Support Of The Nazis Essay

2249 words - 9 pages

Increasing support of the National Socialist German Worker's Party (NSPAD) among the German people in the period from 1923 to 1936" Many Germans believed that the terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles were too harsh, unjust and imposed on them by the victorious powers. "It was a dictated peace" This caused a great deal of bitterness and resentment. The German people believed that socialist politicians had betrayed both the German people and the army, which led to the German democracy being challenged by radical political parties from the extreme right and left.The important issues when accounting for the increasing support of the National Socialist German Worker's Party (NSPAD) among the German people in the period from 1923 to 1936, includes, firstly the political, economic and social problems from 1923 to 1936, including the impact of the Great Depression, secondly the Weimar Republic, thirdly Hitler's accession to power, the consolidation of the Nazi party (NSPAD) and the transformation of German social and cultural life under Nazism.Germany surrendered in November 1918. Many Germans were delighted that the war was over, however there were those in the German army and on the home front who could not understand why. Many soldiers didn't "feel" beaten, and wondered why the armistice came about so quickly. Herbert Richter, a German war veteran recalled vividly how he and his friends felt about the surrender "We were angry because we didn't feel we had come to the end of our strength" Among the civilian population on the home front, the Great Depression, severe food shortages, the long blockades of Germany and the realisation that the war had all been in vain made the sense of betrayal worse. This anger was to have devastating consequences. "Those who felt it quickly looked around to blame someone for the sudden and, to them, suspicious circumstances of the armistice." So the "stab in the back" myth was born. It was " the idea that while German soldiers had been laying down their lives, others, behind the lines"¦ were betraying them". The popular belief was that the government betrayed the German people and someone needed to be blamed for the economic and social sufferings that were being experienced. It was a popular belief that socialist politicians of the Left had betrayed both the German people and the army by agreeing to the "humiliating" armistice in 1918. They became known as the "November criminals".The 1923 occupation of the Ruhr along with the associated political and economic problems of Germany also contributed to Hitler's accession to power. Hitler was arrested for his involvement in the 1923 November putsch and sentenced to five years imprisonment of which he only served eight months and was released in time for Christmas. While his putsch failed, it allowed him the chance to "refine and develop methods and ideology" and began to rebuild the Nazi party.Gustav...

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