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India A Socialist State Essay

669 words - 3 pages


India is a socialist secular democratic republic according to its constitution of 1949. It has confined its self as religious plural society yet it is a secular nation. In India constitution it is been established that there will be no discrimination on grounds of religion, race, sex, or place of birth. Religious freedom and equality receive more detailed attention and protection in the Indian constitution than they do in any other constitution as it is been kept in mind the religious tension by framers.

There are consequences between people beliefs and legal framework in which they exist. The problem of the personal laws is very visible in Indian society. At independence many farmers favoured a Uniform Civil Code but some religious leaders opposed it. Despite the opposition, the framers were determined to enact sweeping reforms in Hindu practice, particularly in relation to "untoucability", which was forbidden in the Constitution, and also in relation to matters such as martial age and consent. Religion was therefore carefully specified in a way that left room for limitation of the freedom by the state. Nonetheless Hindus were still permitted to keep traditional Hindu laws in many areas. Other minorities were given a similar independence. For some Muslims, this was an important issue. Although many muslims favoured a Uniform Code some feared that such a code would make them second class citizen. Uniform Code would be bound to mean Hindu Code. This danger seemed especially great in the wake of Partition. The antiquity and dignity of the muslim system meant a lot to muslims.

When a child is born, it is immediately classified by religion and thereafter comes under that religions legal system. It is possible to elect a secular identity for a child and there are secular laws of marriage and divorce. But because ancestral property is governed by the system of religion laws to...

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