India And Pakistan: The First Fifty Years

2526 words - 10 pages

India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years

Part I: Political Development

India: Democratic progress and problems

One of the strengths of India politically over Pakistan is said to be
the fact that it has elected to take on a democratic system of
government. There are several issues, however, with India as a
democracy due to several factors including numerous cases of
malpractice and corruption in electoral systems, which greatly
undermine the soundness of the democratic institution. Another major
factor that leaves one questioning the functioning of the Indian
democracy is the political hegemony of Congress initially, which took
time to change, and more so the dynamism which resulted in the chain
of inherited leaderships with a power transfer from Nehru to Indira
Gandhi, to her sons eventually and even later Sonja Gandhi, the
daughter-in-law of Indira. Despite this ostensible threat for the
over-centralization of power, the Indian democracy incorporates
various other features that help decentralize the government. This
includes the separation of the judiciary from the executive, a
multi-party system with several coalitions formed to assure that more
than one dominating party competes, the religious and segregated
castes are also free to rally support to make necessary appeals, and
then there’s also minimum military involvement in political affairs.
The only real lapse was the Emergency period of Indira Gandhi.
Throughout the fifty years it has been this transition or competition
between the regionalization and centralization of power that has
defined the political nature of India. A lot of what the
centralization of power has resulted in includes the overpowering of
the executive government branch over the judicial and legislative
branches, and the use of scapegoats in the form of caste or religious
groups as well as the use of dynasticism in pursuit of power. At the
same time, even the decentralization of power has led to the further
divide and isolation of castes and religious groups as well as an
increase in belligerence between them, which is definitely a key issue
that needs to be dealt with. The corruption in the government and the
general lack of qualified politicians with decent education also is
present in weakening the government.

Pakistan: A nation still in the making

The reason why Pakistan is still in the making is because despite its
several strides towards a more efficient, democratic form of
government, there are many lapses that pull it back. It is still in
the process of determining its political scope for the future, still
in the process of settling down with an effective form of government.
It’s gone through many stages of experimentation with different
government constructs and constitutions in 1956, 1962, and 1973. So
far however, it...

Find Another Essay On India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years

Partition Between India and Pakistan Essay

1234 words - 5 pages The partition of India and Pakistan was a time of great turmoil. There was an overwhelming amount of violence and confusion at the time, 1947, when two new countries were born: Hindu-dominated India and Muslim-dominated Pakistan. Although there hadn't been much of any violent altercations between Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs before this time, the partition brought a myriad of difficulties between the three groups with it. Because of the violence

"Franny and Zooey" by JD Salinger - Fifty Years Later

1012 words - 4 pages Franny and Zooey Fifty Years Later - Show how the book is now dated.The dictionary defines dated as “to show the age of; show to be old-fashioned.” J.D. Salinger’s two-part story, Franny and Zooey, considered so modern and “perhaps the best book by the foremost stylist of his generation,” fifty years after it’s original publication, now seems dated. Both the simplicity of the central characters’ emotional

The transformation of Operations Management in the Past Fifty Years

925 words - 4 pages itself. This is not an exhausted list by any means, but these three aspects are highly important as it relates to the changes in Operations Management over the past fifty years. Initially with manufacturing, it was all about being cost effective (Heyl, 2011, pg.18). This is not only pertinent to the last fifty years, but really with the start of the country, and entrepreneurship here. However, from the 1960s up through the late 80s, and even into

Stability in India and Pakistan

839 words - 3 pages India has been a major advance. Care should be taken to ensure that it is implemented in its true spirit. And lastly, official efforts will need to be supplemented by people to people contacts. On making the first move towards friendship and reinstating its stalled process, India needs to take the initiative to lay at rest the fears of the military in Pakistan as it stands to benefit greatly from a transformed relationship whereas though Pakistan’s need for peace is greater, the weakness of its civilian government and its internal problems make it unlikely that it can take any bold initiative.

The First Four Years

590 words - 2 pages Title: The First Four Years Author: Laura Ingalls Wilder Number of pages:134 Pages Main Characters: Laura (Beth) , Manly (Almonzo) , Ma, Pa, Grace, Carrie, Ida, Peter, Skip, Barnum, Trixy, Fly, Rose Settings: Town Streets, Farm, The new little house, the church, Barn, bedroom, Ma and Pa's house Book Report Laura and Manly were to be married soon, but Laura was having doubts.Laura didn't want to marry a farmer. She was afraid that if

The First Seven Years

674 words - 3 pages Growing and learning is a part of life that no one is exempt from. This fact influences everyone, whether it be a young child learning to share or an old man learning to let go. Feld, in The First Seven Years, finds that he has to let go of several of his own issues to allow his daughter to undergo her own growth and learning.      Feld is the typical father, he wants only the best for his daughter. Feld wants

Cultural Differences Between India and Pakistan

1032 words - 4 pages been a major drive towards some risky attitudes that the Arab community displays toward other ethnic groups. In fact, a closer look at history shows that the Arab community has been established since the Middle Ages and has lasted for over 700 years (Mohmand, 2009). Religion is another huge cultural difference between India and Pakistan. India is a country that is very religiously tolerant as it houses many different religions including Hindu

How the Aspects of Commercial AirTravel Have Changed Over the Last Fifty Years

2110 words - 9 pages today. Every aspect of commercial aviation has been changing over the last fifty years. The largest transformations can be seen in a few areas: the price of flying, the security and safety of flying, and the quality of the flight experience for passengers. Up until 1978 air fares were regulated by the government. This means that the cost of flying was determined by the federal government and kept the same for all airlines; if a trip from

Fully Incorporating Mexico as the Fifty-First State of the Union

2060 words - 8 pages a meltdown in a matter of weeks if our congress and president cannot agree to raise the national debt ceiling; it is time to admit that our country needs to cut expenses, supporting illegal immigrants being one of them. I believe I have found an unconventional answer that may surprise you. In an attempt to save our country we should fully incorporate our neighboring country Mexico as our fifty-first state to solve the ongoing predicament of

Fighting in Kashmir Revives Rancor in Pakistan and India (Summary)

916 words - 4 pages Fighting in India over land has always been an issue dating back to the second millennium and this sometimes has detrimental effects on trading. Today Pakistan is separate from India where as it was part of India many years ago. Pakistan and India often fight over Kashmir today and it is affecting their trade routs because neither country wants to reopen them. Although Pakistan and India were once together that did not affect fighting in that

Solutions to Improve Relations Between Pakistan and India

974 words - 4 pages Soon after the partition, relations between India and Pakistan were strained over the Kashmir issue and since then both the nations have fought three wars and entered into various disputes. It has been argued by analysts that the core issue of Kashmir is the main obstacle between smooth India-Pakistan relations. However, after a deep examination of this notion, it can be concluded there are other key issues between both the rivals which hinders

Similar Essays

The Fifty First Dragon Essay

799 words - 3 pages “The Fifty - First Dragon”      Settings: The first setting is in a knight school where Gawaine is taught how to be a knight. It also takes place in the forest where he beheads all the dragons and is almost fooled into being eaten.      Plot: This story is about a student becoming a knight with no spirit at all named Gawaine le Coeur-Hardy. He was considered the least promising of all

India And Pakistan Dispute Essay

2871 words - 11 pages nuclearization of South Asia has converted Kashmir into a nuclear flash point and the U.N. Security Council through resolution 1172 as well as the G-8 and P.5 countries, apart from a number of world leaders, have expressed the urgent need for a dialogue to resolve this root cause of tensions between Pakistan and India. While the first round of talks on Kashmir was held in October 1998 between the Foreign Secretaries, as per the

India And Pakistan Relations Essay

1011 words - 4 pages India’s relation with Pakistan has definitely seen more low points than the high points. The bitter-sweet relation shared between the two nations has neither made significant progress nor achieved any major breakthroughs since its 65 years of Independence. Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past

Relations Between India And Pakistan Essay

1506 words - 6 pages of a security dilemma, Kaufmann (1998, 132) observes that independence from Britain removed the security guarantee from the minority communities. Faced with an uncertain future irresolvable in the existing model, it proved a gory culmination of more than fifty years of mutual suspicion and fear (I Ahmed 2002, 11). The horrors of forced resettlement signified the crucial relationship between the new borders of Pakistan and survival for Muslims