India In The Post Colonial Era Essay

1035 words - 5 pages

During the post World War II period, many one-time colonies achieved political independence. However, these newborn nations were still dependent on powerful allies to survive. A nation is truly independent when it is able to survive culturally, economically, and militarily without the aid of any other nations. As long as a nation is dependent on its ally's support, it can be manipulated into undesirable decisions.India gained political independence from Britain, but it had to deal with internal chaos, as well as rely on the Soviet Union to protect it from it's rivals, and potential enemies.India's struggle for independence began during the end of the 19th century. As the more educated ...view middle of the document...

Movements like the "salt satyagraha," where protesters made salt from the ocean as a protest on a salt tax, eventually forced Great Britain to give in to India's demands. When World War II broke out in 1939, Britain declared war on India's behalf, without allowing Indian leaders their say in the situation. After unsuccessful negotiations, Gandhi organized a major disobedience movement on a national scale, with hopes of full independence. Violent demonstrations broke out when Gandhi was imprisoned along with several other leaders. Chaos continued for several years until Britain finally withdrew from India in August 1947.Gandhi had hoped that independence from Britain would finally bring peace. Unfortunately, the effects of independence on India were quite contrary to what Gandhi had anticipated. Hostility between Hindus and Muslims lead to the Muslim League demanding a separate state, determined by religious borders. Congress opposed the idea, and their dispute lead to riots between Muslims and Hindus all over India. Congress eventually agreed to partition India according to the Muslim League's demands. However, the hostility between Hindus and Muslims continued to ravage the nation.At the start of the Cold War, Congress had decided to remain neutral, but was soon forced to seek allies. Realizing that their priorities were to apply all resources towards developing their young nation, Congress, started the Nonaligned movement, a strategy intended to preserve India's independence. By remaining neutral, India would avoid any potential hostility from foreign powers. However, Nonalignment also meant that India would not be able to rely on protection and support from either of the two superpowers. The fledgling nation would need to set up its own defense from any intrusion. Unfortunately India's hopes of neutrality were in vain. As Pakistan, India's rival, gained support from the United States and China, India found itself with no alternative but to seek protection from the Soviet Union, in order to counter the threat. In 1971, India signed the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and...

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