Indian Culture Essay

4630 words - 19 pages

History of India
Part of a series on the

History of India

Chronology of Indian history

Ancient India

Prehistoric India and Vedic India Religions, Society, Mahajanapadas

Mauryan Period Economy, Spread of Buddhism, Chanakya, Satavahana Empire

The Golden Age Discoveries, Aryabhata, Ramayana, Mahabharata

Medieval India

The Classical Age Gurjara-Pratihara Pala Empire Rashtrakuta Empire Art, Philosophy, Literature

Islam in India Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Music, Guru Nanak

Mughal India Architecture, Maratha Confederacy

Modern India

Company Rule Zamindari system, Warren Hastings, Mangal Pandey, 1857

British Indian Empire Hindu reforms, Bengal Renaissance, Independence struggle, Mahatma Gandhi Subhas Chandra Bose

Outline of South Asian history History of Indian subcontinent

7000-3000 BC: Stone Age [ show ]

3000-1300 BC: Bronze Age [ show ]

1000-26 BC: Iron Age [ show ]

21-1279 AD: Middle Kingdoms [ show ]

1206-1596: Late medieval age [ show ]

1526-1858: Early modern period [ show ]

1505-1961: Colonial period [ show ]

Other states (1102-1947)[ show ]

Kingdoms of Sri Lanka [show]

Nation histories[show]

Regional histories[show]

Specialised histories[show]

The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens, as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids includingHomo erectus from about 500,000 years ago.[1]The Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan and northwest India, was the first major civilization in South Asia.[2] A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in the Mature Harappan period, from 2600 to 1900 BCE.[3] This civilization collapsed at the start of the second millennium BCE and was later followed by the Iron Age Vedic Civilization, which extended over much of the Indo- Gangetic plain and which witness the rise of major polities known as the Mahajanapadas. In one of these kingdoms, Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born in the 6th or 5th century BCE and propagated their Shramanic philosophies.Most of the subcontinent was conquered by the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. Various parts of India were ruled by numerous Middle kingdoms for the next 1,500 years, among which the Gupta Empire stands out. This period, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurgence, is known as the classical or "Golden Age of India". During this period, aspects of Indian civilization, administration, culture, and religion (Hinduism and Buddhism) spread to much of Asia, while kingdoms in southern India had maritime business links with the Roman Empire from around 77 CE. During this period Indian cultural influence spread over many parts of Southeast Asia which led to the establishment of Indianized kingdoms in Southeast Asia.[4]7th-11th centuries saw the Tripartite struggle between the Pala...

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