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Indian Education System Essay

2924 words - 12 pages

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India has one of the largest populations in the entire world, and with that comes the second largest education system in the word. It is estimated that around thirty percent of India's population is under the age of fifteen, thus more children in the education systems. The large education system in India has not always had the best of reputations, and still does not hold a very reputable name for itself. Though there has been strides for improvements in the system of education for India in the last decade, the fundamentals of the law on education is where the main issue lies. There have been many changes to the education system of India in the years since their independence, but there is not much to show for the changes that have been made to their system since the quality of education material, as well as the quality of educators has made little improvement.The education system in India saw many changes shortly after colonial times, and have continued to change since then but the changes have not made as large of an impact as they should have. Many people see the education in India as inadequate, which it may certainly be. Before the British East India Company took the steps to intervene into the educational system, education had little to do with government. The education of India has an interesting history. It is believed by many historians that in the ancient days, the material that was to be taught was done so by word of mouth and was to be taught by the sages and the scholars. The information was passed on from one generation to the other. After the development of letters obviously people started to write. These ancient people were using things like palm leaves and the barks of trees as their form of our everyday paper, in doing so this also aided in spreading the written literature. Places like temples and community centers posed as schools. Some hundreds of years later, the Gurukul system of education came into existence. If accepted as a student by the "guru", which was the teacher, he/she would then stay at the guru's house and help in all activities at the home. Though, the emplacement of the caste system started to show it's face during this type of education. This form of education helped form a strong tie between the teacher and the student, as well as teaching the pupil everything about running a home. The type of tasks that were being taught to these students were usually specified by castes, though most lower caste people were excluded all together from the Gurukul system. There was nothing the guru would not teach his student. He taught the children everything they wanted to learn, from the ancient language of Sanskrit to the holy scriptures; and from mathematics to physics. The student could stay with the guru as long as he/she wished or until the guru felt as though he had passed along all the knowledge he had to offer the student. During this time of education all learning was closely related to life...

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