This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Indigenous Australians And The British Settlers

909 words - 4 pages

Archaeological evidence suggests that human first occupied Australia (fig. 1) approximately 50000 years ago. (Dorey, 2011) Early ‘modern humans’ (homo sapiens) are believed to have migrated from the Asian continent to Australia using land bridges (fig. 2) (Ows.edb.utexas.edu, n.d.) Shortly after arriving in Australia it is thought that they (now known as Indigenous Australians) moved inland and rapidly spread throughout the country using the river systems of Queensland and Southern Australia. (Mayell, 2003) The Indigenous people began to appreciate the land and the resources that it offered. Their culture developed many spiritual relationships with the land and its natural resources; it was ...view middle of the document...

The indigenous people believe that ‘the land must be used if life is to continue’ and this is reflected in the amount of tribes and communities throughout Australia.

Prior to 1788 it is thought that there were in excess of 700 languages spoken throughout Australia and approximately 750000 people who populated it. (Mooney, 2013) Today only 2.4% (Villanueva Siasoco, 2012) of the ‘23 427 098’ people who live in Australia are indigenous. The population density of the indigenous Australians was incredibly low because of the small amount of people that called Australia home. The tribes and communities that spread throughout Australia were mostly permanent meaning that most of the hunting, gathering and worship activities that were undertaken usually took place in their own boundaries. There were approximately 500 different tribes (Fig. 3) or communities throughout Australia prior to 1788. Things began to change in 1788 when the European settlers arrived in Botany Bay.

British soldiers arrived in Botany Bay in 1788 after they were deployed from Britain in 1787 with a ship full of convicts. Britain prisons were becoming insufficient for the amount of prisoners that they needed to cater for. However, Botany Bay proved to a disappointment to the British. Instead Captain Arthur Phillip commissioned another voyage to investigate Port Jackson, which upon arrival was said to be the most beautiful port in the world. (Anderson, n.d.) For the British colonisers there was one main push and pull factor. The overcrowded prisons in Britain were a push factor and the vast expanse of arable land was a pull factor towards Australia. The British viewed the land as ‘a most valuable acquisition to...

Find Another Essay On Indigenous Australians and the British Settlers

Outline the changing rights and freedoms of indigenous Australians throughout the 20th Century

967 words - 4 pages Changing rights and freedoms of Indigenous Australians throughout the 20th CenturyAnalysing the information collected from the sites visited at Australia's capital, we create an evolving image illustrating the rights and freedoms of Aborigines throughout the 20th Century as laws and ideologies progressed. We are able to see the changing views of the Indigenous people from white Australia exemplified through the sites in Canberra.Ever since

Compare and contrast Nozick and Rawls approaches to the issue of Indigenous Australians land rights

4314 words - 17 pages seems to deny Europeans' land rights in their'settler states'.A direct application of Nozicks' theory to aboriginal land title appears natural and straight forward. Indigenous Australians were the first occupants on the land who had legitimate entitlement through original acquisition. When European Settlement occurred in 1788 through forced dispossession, land was acquired contrary to the principles of just acquisition, therefore an injust

Which Policy Had the Largest Impact on the Indigenous Australians

1330 words - 6 pages There have been many unanswered questions in Australia about Aboriginal history. One of these is which government policy towards indigenous people has had the largest impact on Indigenous Australians? Through research the Assimilation Policy had the largest impact upon Indigenous Australians and the three supporting arguments to prove this are the Aborigines losing their rights to freedom, Aboriginal children being removed from their families

The White Australia policy and the treatment of indigenous Australians in the early 20th century demonstrate that Australia was a racist society

1153 words - 5 pages 20th century thought the indigenous Australians inferior and definitely not equal. A cartoon by the Bulletin titled 'A curiosity in her own country' depicted a group of British people, representing the mother country looking at an indigenous Australian as if wondering if the aboriginal was human or some sort of alien. This is one show of how the Australian population viewed indigenous Australians, inferior and unequal. To be racist is to believe

Explore and describe at least 3 key Issues that Affect Educational Outcomes for Indigenous Australians

1788 words - 8 pages The curriculum in Australian schools is a highly contentious and political issue. For remote indigenous communities this is even more so. School curriculums in Australia are western culturally based and thus this effects the learning capabilities of indigenous students in remote communities. “Most indigenous Australians living in the Northern Territory want their children to go to school and get an education. They also want their children to

Deadly Unna? By Phillip Gwynne - Racism, Discrimination and Stereotyping of Indigenous Australians

752 words - 3 pages shows how sport can bring a divided community together every winter.One of the main structural themes in this novel is racism, discrimination and stereotyping of Aboriginal Australians in society. Indigenous Australians are one of the most disadvantaged communities in Australia and they are subject to many racist stereotypes in everyday life.A stereotype is a trait of one or more people that is attributed to a social or racial group. In the novel

English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England

930 words - 4 pages English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. As English settlements in North America began to progress, social, economical, and religious ideas divided the English immigrants. The settlers journeyed to North America to meet their individual needs

The Inevitable War between Native Americans and Colonial English Settlers

787 words - 4 pages Conflicts between the Native American Indians and English settlers was inevitable. James Axtell wrote the article, “After Columbus,” which explains the Powhatan Empire’s conflicts and wars with the English settlers in Virginia. Virginia Dejohn Anderson wrote, “King Philip’s Herds: Indians, Colonists, and the Problem of Livestock in Early New England,” which illustrates the issue of English customs, such as livestock, which was new and alien to

Indigenous development in Canada: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and their inherent connection to the health and wellbeing of Indigenous peoples

1886 words - 8 pages used in empirical studies of indigenous communities often condense complex data – making it exceptionally difficult to paint an accurate picture of disparities in the Aboriginal population of Canada. Health disparities are the indicators of a disproportionate burden of disease on a particular population. Whereas, health inequities point to the underlying causes of the disparities - which are related to social, economic, cultural, and political

Settlers and Differences in the New England and Chesapeake Region of the US

845 words - 4 pages , load gold” (Doc F). The point that the settlers did not even spend time talking backs that claim the Chesapeake region settlers did not care so much or religion because if they did not have time to talk, where are they going to get time to pray to God. The religious emphasis placed by each of the regions was not the only distinguishing factor between the New England and Chesapeake regions. The Chesapeake and New England regions also varied

Indigenous Australian Aboriginals and the Colony of Britain.

1062 words - 5 pages tools and resources. The Australian frontier wars had been a series of conflicts been fought between the Indigenous Australians and the European settlers, this occurred over a total of 146 years, first taking place many months after January 26, 1788, and the last rough encounters occurred as late as 1934. Throughout the duration of 1790s and earth 19th century the British had established small settlements along the coast line of Australia, as

Similar Essays

The Health Of Indigenous Australians Essay

2343 words - 9 pages their land taken away from them, the Aboriginals lost part of their spiritual connection and their sense of belonging and identity because Aboriginal culture is based heavily on the spirits of the land. These connections that bonded the Aboriginals to the land were never understood by the English settlers, who only saw the land as possible income (Psychology and Indigenous Australians, Foundations of Cultural Competence, 2009.). They also lost a

Assimilation “Housing Indigenous Australians In The 1970s”

1977 words - 8 pages . For many Indigenous Australians, this experience negatively affected their obligations to family and community and their conventional pattern of life, because it was based as much on class relations and colonialism view. For this reason, white settlers was justifying the Indigenous people inadequacy participate in social life and / or to assimilate to racist terms, as demonstrating their genetic / biological unsuitability for “sophisticated

Health Disparities Between Indigenous And Non Indigenous Australians

1981 words - 8 pages There are significant health disparities that exist between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians. Being an Indigenous Australian means the person is and identifies as an Indigenous Australian, acknowledges their Indigenous heritage and is accepted as such in the community they live in (Daly, Speedy, & Jackson, 2010). Compared with Non-Indigenous Australians, Aboriginal people die at much younger ages, have more disability and experience a

The Land Occupies A Distinctive Time And Place In The Cultural Experience Of Australians, Indigenous And Non Indigenous

691 words - 3 pages The Land occupies a distinctive time and place in the cultural experience of Australians, indigenous and non-indigenous."The Land" takes up a distinguishing place in the cultural knowledge of both indigenous and non-indigenous Australians. We see this through the works of many Australian artists. Indigenous Australian artists represent their cultural knowledge of the land through a contextual range of forms and styles which contrast from the