“Homo sapiens”, also called humans are best described as social animals. The accountability of this human behaviour lays with different factors, like culture, civilization, past history, etc. Among these factors, culture is the most significant. In the contemporary society, culture refers to composite reserve of principles, beliefs, knowledge, time concept, relations, etc passed-on from generation to generation, by groups (Roshan Cultural Heritage Institute, 2001). Among the thousands of culture practiced throughout the world, aboriginal culture is one of the richest and oldest culture which is estimated to be 58000 to 75000 years old (Goosen, 2000, p. 72). Different cultures have distinct perceptions to the models of health. This essay spotlights over the aboriginal culture, different models of health and their relevance to the case study of jenny.
Discussion of case study
Being an indigenous lady, jenny is deep rooted into her culture and society. Because of her baby delivery, she moved to urban area which made her vulnerable to variety of anxieties and stress.
British colonisation on Australia
“Terra nullius” was the official fiction, which lead to the invasion of British Empire on Australian mainland. Basically, it means the vacant and unpossessed terrains (Germov, 2009, p. 119). The first British fleet arrived at Botany Bay in 1788. This lead to various issues in the Australian indigenous society i.e. culture clash, indigenous dispossession, etc.
The term “culture clash” implies to the disruption between the people when two or more cultures exist together. Typically, culture clash is the drawback of multicultural society. According to Crisp and Taylor (2009, p.113), different factors like ethnocentrism, stereotyping, prejudicing, discrimination, and social power adds to culture clash. Before the British colonists settled in Australia, indigenous people had always shared their land and environment with other cultures, very passively. Eckermann, et al. (2010, p. 5) state that aboriginal society came to face the new era because of the colonisation as they had to adapt to the all new people with different perceptions, economy and social structure. Whereas, on the other hand settlers did not have to assimilate to aboriginal traditional culture. Accordingly, a barrier was set between the two cultures.
Dispossession was among one of the serious issues, which erupted with the foray of British people. Because of the broad range of economies and societies within the Australian continent, indigenous people were deprived of their land and were not acknowledged to land ownership. The indigenous Australian people were principally dependent upon large land reserves for the daily needs like food and their strong rapport to the lands supported by myths and rituals (Germov, 2009, p. 119). Initially, indigenous people were forbidden from the towns and nearby rural areas, which was in areas having...