Writing, like other forms of art, draws upon an artist’s inspirations. Either subtly or overtly, an artist’s interactions and perception of the world influences their piece. Franz Kafka, born into a Jewish family in Prague, incorporated many of his life experiences into his work The Metamorphosis. The Metamorphosis presents many connections between the life of the protagonist, Gregor Samsa, and Kafka himself. Some literary analysts claim it serves as an outlet for his distraught life. Based on the events of Gregor Samsa’s life, it can be deduced that Franz Kafka used his personal experiences as an inspiration for The Metamorphosis.
Kafka portrays the relationship he had with his father through the relationship of Gregor and Mr. Samsa. Kafka’s father, Hermann Kafka played a large role in Franz’s life. Kafka considered his father “an overbearing power of some kind, one that could easily break the will of men and destroy their sense of self-worth” and Samsa’s father presents the same qualities (Bio). Gregor Samsa worked as a salesman to support his family because his father stopped working. Gregor works to “pay off [his] parent’s debt” and if he “didn’t hold back for [his] parent’s sake, [he] would have quit long ago,” showing that he solely works for his parents (Kafka 4). Samsa puts a great importance on his job as he thinks about “the torture of traveling, worrying about changing trains, eating miserable food at all hours, constantly changing trains, eating miserable food” and rants on about the stressful life he lives (4). His father’s actions forced him to take on the miserable lifestyle he leads. Kafka also had a rough time as his father also shaped his future. While Kafka aspired to find a career as an author, Hermann Kafka, his father, adamantly insisted he go to law school. Kafka ultimately landed a job for an insurance company which he later complained about for not giving him enough time to write. Another instance occurs when Gregor’s father treats him with malice after his transformation. After Gregor manages to open his bedroom door, his father “with a hostile expression his father clenched his fist, as if to drive Gregor back into his room”, showing physical aggression towards his son (12). Kafka might be hinting at how his father did not accept him as a writer while Gregor’s father did not accept Gregor in this new form. His father finally father lets out his hatred towards Gregor after he breaks the last straw. After Gregor scared his mother and she fainted, his father let his built up rage at Gregor out. Gregor’s father, “determined to bombard him”, started throwing apples and one “forced its way into Gregor’s back;” (29). Samsa’s father resorts to abuse reflecting the violent temper Kafka’s father had too when he abused Franz in his childhood. Kafka exhibits his relationship with his father through the interactions between Gregor and Mr. Samsa.
Through Gregor’s life of solitude, Kafka expresses his...