When most of us think about the sex industry, we think of prostitution or pornography. Usually people in that line of work chose to be in it, but that is not always the case. Human sex trafficking has become the fasted growing business among organized crime, and the third largest enterprise in the world, generating more than $31 billion dollars in profit a year, according to the FBI. Sex trafficking is the most common form of modern day slavery; in the U.S. it consists of mostly women and children between the ages of 12-18. They are sold and sometimes transported to other countries.
Most of the young women in the U.S. are runaways who live on the streets by choice; they are recruited by other female recruits under false promises, promises of a better life, such as a good job, educational opportunity or marriage. Some girls are abducted and forced into the industry, then sent out of the area and isolated from family and friends. Victims usually have no control over any aspect of their lives, the trafficker decides when they sleep and eat. Their captor repeatedly sexually, physically, and mentally abuses them.
Traffickers usually pay for the cost of lodging, food, travel and visa, which ensures their domination over the girls due to debt bondage, which is where a person is forced to pay back a loan with labor. Sometimes they are forced to do drugs to establish an addiction and ensure further control.
Sex trafficking generally possesses most of the same characteristics all over the world, although here in the U.S. individuals appear to be working willingly, independently, and out in the open, but in fact they are victims of sex trafficking. They solicit on the streets, hotels and truck stops, and advertise on the internet. Their network profile consists of men of all backgrounds, and even though often being arrested for prostitution, they do not tell the authorities they are forced to engage in the commercial sex trade out of fear of their captor.
In countries like China, violence and deception are rare. Not to say it does not exist in the Chinese sex trade, it is just not as prevalent as in many other countries. Victims are usually managed by older females operating legitimate businesses, such as massage parlours, hostess clubs, escort services, unmarked brothels in unsuspecting and sometimes suburban neighborhoods. Unlike the U.S. it is a seemingly quiet operation. They...