This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Individualist Vs Collectivist Cultures Essay

773 words - 4 pages

Culture Dimensions
Cultural dimensions are developed by the Dutch social psychologist Geert Hofstede. The framework aims for a better understanding of cultures and the values and behavior of its members. The theory is based on large surveys within IBM in the 1970s and studies how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. Hofstede found clear patterns of similarity with people from the same country and differences between different countries which can be arranged in following dimensions:

Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV)
This refers to the strength of the ties people have to others within the community. People in individualist cultures focus primarily on themselves and ...view middle of the document...

Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI)
This dimension explains a society's comfort with unstructured environments and if people avoid unknown situations where surprising events may occur. Cultures with a high UAI have rigid codes of belief and behavior either written or unwritten. People tend to act as expected and follow the rules and the chain of command. In cultures with a low UAI people are comfortable with less rules and structure and encourage flexibility and problem-solving. As this dimension varies not only depending on culture but also personally, it is important to provide structure at a workplace to an extent the team members are happy with it.

Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS)
Masculine cultural values are competition, ambition, power and material rewards. In this culture men are expected to be assertive and tough and to be the provider of the family income. Men’s work is distinct from women’s work. In feminine cultures people prefer cooperation, modesty and integration and generally care more for quality of life. Gender roles in work in low MAS cultures are not very distinct. Women and men are working together equally in many professions. In high MAS cultures the leaders are to expected to be man and act role-specific. In low MAS cultures you can find more gender diverse teams and women in leadership positions.

Long Term Orientation (LTO)
This fifth dimension was added to distinguish the difference in thinking...

Find Another Essay On Individualist vs Collectivist Cultures

Personnel Management and Organizational Behavior Essay

1681 words - 7 pages ) Triandis and Suh studied in depth the two cultural syndromes: individualism and collectivism as they believed that the contrast of these two cultural syndromes contributes to the structure of cultural differences and found that:People in collectivist cultures belong to groups as a matter of right, by birth or marriage, whereas those in individualist cultures often have to earn their membership in a group. Thus, the former rarely develop excellent

Differences between High Context and Low Context Societies

1518 words - 7 pages individualist or collectivist culture can also influence the decision making process of the parties involved. Once a mutual understanding is achieved between parties and a respect for both cultures initiated, trade can occur. Works Cited Adair, Wendi L., Tetsushi Okumura, and Jeanne M. Brett. "Negotiation Behavior When Cultures Collide: The United States and Japan." Journal of Applied Psychology 86.3 (2001): 371-85. Print. "Context." Merriam-Webster

Disney Versus Anime

2110 words - 9 pages . Collectivist peoples—found predominantly in Eastern cultures—identify themselves in terms of a larger group and put the team’s mindset ahead of their private ends, focusing on themes such as brotherhood, cooperation, and sacrifice; individualists, on the other hand, are typically associated with affluent Western cultures in which individuals care more about bettering themselves in relation to society and emphasizes independence, noncompliance, and

Cross Cultural

1099 words - 5 pages Leadership is an integral component of the social fabric of many organizations, which makes leadership an important topic of investigation for researchers. Certain characteristics of a culture may render specific leadership characteristics and styles acceptable and effective (Casimir 47). For example, Hofstede’s Theory of Cultural Dimensions is the extent to which a culture could be characterized as collectivist or individualist, high or low in

Multicultural Sex Offenders and Static-99 Scores

1607 words - 6 pages . This is the conformity of the individual and the group for the betterment of the whole. In collectivist societies, people are integrated into cohesive groups which expect their loyalty and in return will take care of the individual’s needs throughout their life span. In collectivist cultures, direct, overt communication may be seen as rude, brash, and insulting. This is in direct contrast with individualism. Individualist Culture An

Australian and Japanese students coping styles

2503 words - 10 pages goals over and above the individual's. Australian decision makers, on the other hand, are more likely to display a behaviour that is characteristic of an individualist society, with its concern with individual performance, action, reward and responsibility. People in individualist societies are concerned to make the best decision to fulfil their own needs and goals and to seek out all possible alternatives.Two hypotheses involving a collectivist

Language of Culture in Communication

812 words - 3 pages means of communication. Sometimes we forgot just how diverse we are, and there is an infinite variety of cultures in our world that we interact with everyday. There are some crucial skills we must learn to effectively communicate, which I learned about in, Communication Tools for Understanding Cultural Differences, by Michelle LeBaron. To be able to obtain these skills we must have the foundation of communication. We must have a strong self

Theory Paper: Family Case Application

2346 words - 10 pages years before his death. Samantha’s mother lives about 10 miles away from her. She has contact with her mother, but says she is not close. Eric and Samantha have much of their parent’s culture. Eric and Samantha have similar collectivist cultures and struggle between acculturating to individualist society and remaining collectivist. Samantha heritage consists of a Japanese culture and a Native Hawaiian culture, and American culture. McGoldrick

Culture and Personality Development

1057 words - 4 pages perceives them self. Some culture-specific characteristics link together cultural conditions such as complexity, tightness, individualism, and collectivism. This brings us to individualism and collectivism. Some cultures encourage individualism while other cultures encourage collectivism. In most collectivist cultures, people are interdependent within their group, whether it involves family, tribe, or nation (Suh and Triandis, 2002). When people are

Question and Answers: Destructive Behaviors, Prisoner's Dilemma and GRIT

1298 words - 5 pages solutions for social dilemmas, cultural factors must be considered. For example, research has shown that collectivist cultures are more likely to cooperate with each than individualist cultures (Kassin et al, 2010). Although some research also showed that collectivist cultures tend to cooperate more with group members and be more aggressive when competing with strangers even though it was not as strong as in individualist cultures. Cultures have

A Boy From Rawanda in the US and his Experience

815 words - 4 pages and this is a big part that he notices is different between the two cultures. Within these two types of culture he really focused on the effects each style has on the family unit. In the book it talks about how collectivist are interdependent on each other and in individualist cultures children are encouraged to leave the nest (pg.80). I found it thought-provoking how much John had thought about the difference between the family units of the two

Similar Essays

Reaction Paper From A Newspaper Article!

543 words - 3 pages collectivist here, revealed similar conclusions. Here, both the individualist and collectivist were able to express their own ideas by helping the reader visualize a new perspective.Most individualists appear to insult others, while most collectivists do not appear to evaluate things enough. Breaking through these traits and helping the British visualize their actions in a new way, allowed a patient individualist and a verbose collectivist to communicate through constructive criticism. In the future, I hope to make decisions based on my own circumstances, and then express my choices in ways that others can understand as well.

Job Satisfaction Essay

2565 words - 10 pages independent of the group and perceive themselves in terms of 'I' (Hofstede, 1997). Moreover, people in collectivist cultures see themselves as changeable and ready to 'fit in' into new environment to meet the social demands of that environment (Heine, Kitayama, Lehman, Takata, Ide, et al., 2000). Whereas people in individualist cultures hold stable attitudes, personality and rights, and for example if they do not like the job they change it (Chiu, Dweck

Is A Strong Sense Of National Pride Tantamount To Isolationist Thinking?

1102 words - 4 pages advice. Being an American, my father was raised in a heavily individualist culture. The move to Canada represented a change from that individualist way of thinking, to a collectivist culture. At the surface level Canadian culture appears very similar to American culture. There are few overt cultural differences between the two nations, aside from Canada’s bilingual status. However, having grown up in Canada as the son of an American, and thus

Interpersonal Communication Essay

1450 words - 6 pages when trying to communicate and it also helps you avoid any hostility or quarrels. In conclusion, all of these cultural orientations play a big role in how a person communicates. Individualist focus on personal goals while collectivist try to succeed as a team. In terms of context, high context cultures expect others to understand messages and feelings by their personal relationships. Low context cultures are more forwardly spoken and must be