Individualized Approach To Instructions Versus Traditional Approach To Teaching.

1841 words - 7 pages

Question: Compare and contrast individualized approach to instruction and traditional Approach to teaching.Some researches state that individualized instruction originated between 1910 and 1920. This system was unpopular and failed perhaps because the task fell on teachers who could not manage plans for twenty to thirty students by themselves. Despite this earlier failure, it was reintroduced during the late 1920's. This time it involved self-directed instruction as well as teacher-led instruction, and therefore unlike the previous period, it was successful.Individualized instruction has evolved even further. It can be defined as a philosophical approach to instruction based on the concept of fixed content, variable methods, and variable time. It is student centered and it integrates variable methods and variable time based on the assumption that each student will learn at their optimum level by using different strategies or methods and they will learn at different speed for different reasons. Individualized instruction uses a multiple sensory approach to teaching. It increase students activity and it give students the opportunity to work at their own pace and select their own learning strategies which would suit their cognitive skills and learning styles.Conversely, traditional instruction is teacher centered. Normally a group of students sit and listen to an instructor lecture about a subject. Based on the subject an instructor may use a chalkboard or other teaching aids sparingly. Because information is taken in mostly by the sense of hearing, if a student misses a key point, he has to ask for a repeated explanation. This will stop the whole class from learning while one student gets his needed facts. If a student is weak in a certain area, there is only a little time available to re-teach that area, even if it is identified early. Because of this, only a few students get high grades, most have gaps in their understanding of the subject area, and some students fail.Both traditional approach to teaching and individualized instruction approach to teaching have three fundamental variables. They are pace, method and content. The pace has to deal with the rate at which each topic is learnt by the students. The method deals with the style or technique involved in which the learning process takes place. The content is the actual information or material that the students will cover.There are several differences between Individualized Approach to instructions and traditional approach to teaching. In the extreme, the student will control the learning pace in the individualized method. The teacher controls the pace in the traditional method. When students control the pace at which they learn, they will know and understand the information before they move on to a new topic. This method will be preferred especially when mastery of all subject areas are crucial such as being a race car driver, a crane operator or a surgeon. In the traditional method, the...

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